Before an outbreak of cholera among his troops forced his return to Afghanistan, Aḥmad married Ḥazrat Baygam, daughter of the Indian Mughal emperor Muḥammad Shah. Ahmad Shāh Durrānī (c. 1722 – 16 October 1772) (Pashto: احمد شاه دراني), also known as Ahmad Khān Abdālī (Pashto: احمد خان ابدالي), was the founder of the Durrani Empire and is regarded as the founder of the modern state of Afghanistan. He united the different Afghan tribes and conquered what is now Afghanistan, Pakistan, eastern Iran and The Punjab in north western India. Ahmad Shāh Durrānī (sekitar 1722 – 16 Oktober 1772) (Pashtun: احمد شاه دراني), juga dikenal sebagai Ahmad Khān Abdālī (احمد خان ابدالي), adalah pendiri Kekaisaran Durrani dan dianggap sebagai pendiri dari negara modern Afghanistan. Menghimpun suku-suku dan sekutunya Afghanistan, dia bergerak ke timur menuju Kekaisaran Mughal dan Maratha di India, ke barat menuju Kekaisaran Afshariyah Persia yang hancur, dan ke utara menuju Kekhanan Bukhara. In the 1760s he attempted four times to crush the Sikhs, but his empire was restive with serious revolts nearer home, and he lost control of the Punjab to them. Under their leader Zaman Khan, father of Ahmad Khan. Ahmad Shah Durrani : biography 1722 – 16 October 1772 His successors, beginning with his son Timur and ending with Shuja Shah Durrani, proved largely incapable of governing the last Afghan empire and faced with advancing enemies on all sides. He was an ethnic Pashtun and was born as the second son of Mohammed Zaman Khan, chief of the Abdali tribe, in the city of Multan in 1723. In the 18th century the Abdalis were to be found chiefly around Herat. Edit Search New search. …Shah’s 4,000-man Afghan bodyguard was Aḥmad Khan Abdālī, who returned to Kandahār and was elected shah by a tribal council. Durrani’s father, Mohammad Zaman Khan remained in Persian captivity before being released in 1715. In 1752, Kashmiri nobles invited Ahmad Shah Durrani to invade the province and oust the ineffectual Mughal rulers. He was born in the year 1722 (age 50-51 years at the time of death) in Herat (then Hotak Empire, present-day Afghanistan) or Multan (then Mughal Empire, present-day Pakistan). Corrections? It has been described in the following way: Under the shimmering turquoise dome that dominates the sand-blown city of Kandahar lies the body of Ahmad Shah Abdali, the young Kandahari warrior who in 1747 became the region's first Durrani king. AHMAD SHAH DURRANI (1722-1772), aka Ahmed Shah Abdali the first of the Saddozai rulers of Afghanistan and founder of the Durrani empire, belonged to the Saddozai section of the Popalzai clan of the Abdali tribe of Afghans.. Menghimpun suku-suku dan sekutunya Afghanistan, dia bergerak ke timur menuju Kekaisaran Mughal dan Maratha di India, ke barat menuju Kekaisaran Afshariyah Persia yang hancur, dan ke utara menuju Kekhanan Bukhara. Ahmad Shah began his military conquest by capturing Ghazni from the Ghilzai Pashtuns. Nadir Shah had five sons and the petitioners are the grandsons of his son, Omer Durrani. Ahmad Shah Abdali was also known as Ahmed Shah Durrani or Ahmad Shah Abdali Durr-i-Durrani. Ahmad Shah Durrani participated in the campaigns of the Iranian Nadir Shah and displayed great military ability. In the wake of the Persian conqueror’s death, a congregation of Pashtun khans at a shrine near Kandahār elected Aḥmad Khan to be their leader. [15] Ayah Abdali menjadi "tahanan Persia selama bertahun-tahun" di Kirman sebelum dibebaskan dari penjara pada tahun 1715. Setahun kemudian saudara laki-laki Nadir, Ibrahim Khan, menguasai Farah. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. [3][6], Mausoleum Durrani terletak di Kandahar, Afghanistan, bersebelahan dengan Kherqa Sharifa di pusat kota. Kekaisaran Durrani (bahasa Pashtun: د درانیانو واکمني, juga disebut Kekaisaran Afghan) adalah monarki yang berpusat di Afganistan.Wilayahnya meliputi Afganistan, Iran timur laut, Pakistan, dan wilayah Punjab di India. However, the Hotak dynasty came to a complete end in 1738 after being toppled and banished by the Afsharids who were led by Nader Shah Afshar of Persia. He then took Kabulfrom the local ruler, thus strengthening his hold over eastern Khorasan, comprising most of present-day Afghanistan. After release from prison, he set off to Western India and met his relatives in Multan and according to some sources, Ahmad Shah was born in Multan. [1][2][3][4] Dia memulai kariernya dengan mendaftar sebagai tentara muda di kemiliteran Kerajaan Afshariyah dan dengan cepat naik menjadi seorang komandan Resimen Abdali, sebuah kavaleri dari empat ribu prajurit Abdali Pashtun. His son Tīmūr remained behind as viceroy of the Punjab and married the daughter of India’s puppet emperor ʿĀlamgīr II. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Ahmad-Shah-Durrani, Indianetzone - Biography of Ahmad Shah Abdali. He adopted the title Durr-i Durrān (“Pearl of Pearls”). After Nadir Shah’s death (1747), he went to Afghanistan at the head of the Afghan detachments of the Iranian army. Afghanistan led by Ahmad Shah Durrani is a custom civilization by JFD and Janboruta1, with contributions from Sukritact, Civitar, and SuperWaffle. Ahmad Shah Durrani died on 16 October 1772 in Kandahar Province. Head of the central government, with full control of all departments of state in domestic Halaman ini terakhir diubah pada 7 Mei 2020, pukul 05.10. Terdapat beberapa perdebatan mengenai tempat lahir Durrani yang pasti. Pada bulan Juli 1730, dia mengalahkan Ibrahim Khan, seorang komandan militer dan saudara laki-laki Nader Shah. Hal ini mendorong Nader Shah untuk merebut kembali Mashad dan juga ikut campur dalam perebutan kekuasaan Harat. Pada Juni 1729, pasukan Abdali di bawah Zulfiqar menyerah kepada Nader Shah Afshar, penguasa baru Persia. Records Categories. Durrani died on 16 October 1772 in Kandahar Province.He was buried in the city of Kandahar adjacent to the Shrine of the Cloak, where a large tomb was built. After his Persian overlord was murdered he threw off the yoke of oppression and declared an independent Afghan state for his people. Ahmad Shah Durrani Biography, Life, Interesting Facts. Setelah pembunuhan Nader Shah Afshar pada tahun 1747, Ahmad Shah Durrani terpilih sebagai Raja Afghanistan. [1][4][11][12][13][14] Dia terlahir dengan nama Ahmed Khan. Ahmad Shah Durrani (c.1723-1773) (Pashto: احمد شاه دراني), also known as Ahmad Shah Abdali (Pashto: احمد شاه ابدالي) and born as Ahmad Khan, was the founder of the Durrani Empire in 1747.. Ahmad Shah Durrani's biography and life story.Ahmad Shāh Durrānī, also known as Ahmad Khān Abdālī, was the founder of the Durrani Empire and is regarded to be … Dia kehilangan ayahnya selama masa kecilnya. Namun, mereka segera memulai pemberontakan dan mengambil alih Herat serta Mashad. Dalam beberapa tahun, dia memperluas penguasaannya dari Khorasan di barat hingga Kashmir dan India Utara di timur, dan dari Amu Darya di utara hingga Laut Arab di selatan. Join Facebook to connect with Ahmad Shah Durrani and others you may know. He was crowned in 1747 near Kandahar, where coins were struck in his name and where he set up his capital. [10] Banyak yang percaya dia lahit di Herat, Afghanistan. Retreive Uncommon facts...Thanks Ahmed Shah Abdali also known as Ahmad Shah Durrani, sometimes also Ahmad Shāh Bābā, was the founder of the Durrani Empire of Kandahar and is therefore often regarded as the founder of modern Afghanistan. Respondent Ashraf Durrani is the son of Ahmad Shah's another son Shahzada Hamdam Durrani. During his reign, he built a vast empire that extended from eastern Persia to northern India, and from the Amu Darya to the Indian Ocean. [15] Sebagai seorang pengungsi, dia "melakukan perjalanannya menuju India" dan bergabung dengan saudara-saudaranya di Multan. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Ahmad Shāh Durrānī (c. 1722 – 4 June 1772) (Pashto: احمد شاه دراني), also known as Ahmad Khān Abdālī (احمد خان ابدالي), was the founder of the Durrani Empire and is regarded as the founder of the modern state of Afghanistan.In July 1747, Ahmad Shah was appointed as the King of Afghanistan by a loya jirga in Kandahar, where he set up his capital. Ahmad Shah Durrani Ahmad Shāh Durrānī (c.1723-1773) (احمد شاه دراني), also known as Ahmad Shāh Abdālī (احمد شاه ابدالي) and born as Ahmad Khān Abdālī, was the founder of the Durrani Empire and is regarded by many to be the founder of modern Afghanistan. Selama waktu ini Zulfiqar dan Durrani muda melarikan diri ke Kandahar di mana mereka berlindung dengan Ghiljis. Ahmad Shah Durrani, the man unanimously known by Afghans as ‘Baba’ or ‘Father’, single-handedly creating the modern nation-state of Afghanistan. In 1772, Ahmad Shah retired to his home in Maruf in the mountains east of Kandahar, where he died in October the sa… Ahmad Shah Abdali. He united all the Afghan tribes under his regime and carried out expeditions to India, Iran, and southern Turkestan. From 1722 to 1725, his son Mahmud Hotak briefly ruled large parts of Iran and declared himself as Shah of Persia. 62, ISBN 978-1-4907-1441-7 (sc); ISBN 978-1-4907-1442-4 (e), Dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas, http://www.britannica.com/topic/10162/supplemental-information, Conflict in Afghanistan: a historical encyclopedia, An account of the kingdom of Caubul, and its dependencies in Persia, Tartary, and India: Comprising a view of the Afghaun nation, and a history of the Dooraunee monarchy, History of Afghanistan, from the Earliest Period to the Outbreak of the War of 1878, Ahmad Shah Durrani, father of modern Afghanistan, archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20130207183925/https://web.archive.org/web/20130207183925/http://www.khyber.org/books/pdf/ahmad-shah-baba.pdf 66 MB, Detailed genealogy of the Durrani dynasty, https://id.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ahmad_Shah_Durrani&oldid=16906336, Artikel Wikipedia dengan penanda WorldCat-VIAF, Lisensi Atribusi-BerbagiSerupa Creative Commons. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Facebook gives people the power to share … Embarking on the conquest of regions held by ineffectual rulers, he invaded India nine times between 1747 and 1769, supposedly with no intention of founding an empire there. To get better results, add more information such as Birth Info, Death Info and Location—even a guess will help. disintegrating his reign, he built a vast empire that stretched from eastern Persia to northern India and from the Amu Daring to the Indian Ocean Abdali was also a … His trajectory took him into conflict with…. Aḥmad Shah Durrānī, (born 1722?, Multan, Punjab [now in Pakistan], or Herāt [now in Afghanistan; see Researcher’s Note])—died October 16/17, 1772, Toba Maʿrūf, Afghanistan), founder of the state of Afghanistan and ruler of an empire that extended from the Amu Darya (ancient Oxus River) to the Indian Ocean and from Khorāsān into Kashmir, the Punjab, and Sindh. His refusal to continue his campaigns deeper into India prevented a clash with the East India Company and allowed t… Ahmad Shah Durrani (c. 1722–1773) (Pashto/Persian: احمد شاه درانی ‎), also known as Ahmad Shāh Abdālī (Pashto/Persian: احمد شاه ابدالي) and born as Ahmad Khān, was the founder of the Durrani Empire (Afghan Empire) in 1747 and is regarded by many to be the founder of the modern state of Afghanistan. Some Lesser Known Facts About Ahmad Shah Durrani. [5], Setelah pembunuhan Nader Shah Afshar pada tahun 1747, Ahmad Shah Durrani terpilih sebagai Raja Afghanistan. The Durrani dynasty (د درانيانو کورنۍ) was founded in 1747 by Ahmad Shah Durrani at Kandahar, Afghanistan. After an unopposed march to Delhi in 1757, he plundered that city, Agra, Mathura, and Vrindavan. Results 1-20 of 23,488. Following his predecessor, Ahmad Shah set up a special force closest to him consisting mostly of his fellow Durranis, Tājiks, Kizilbāshes, and Yūzufzais. Then in 1756–57, in what was his fourth invasion of India, Ahmad Shah sacked Delhi and plundered Agra, Mathura, and Vrndavana. Despite the ethnic divisions and the almost constant state of imperial war, the first Afghan state began to take shape in the late 1700s under the leadership of Ahmad Shah Durrani (r. 1747-1772), who established a kingdom based in Kandahar that managed to … The powerful Muslim ruler was upset at the murder of Muslim saints, the Kashghar Khojas[1]. Much of the territory conquered by Ahmad Shah fell to others by the end of […] [2][7][8][9], Durrani lahir pada atau sekitar tahun 1722 sebagai putra dari Mohammad Zaman Khan, kepala suku Abdali dan Gubernur Herat, dan Zarghuna Alakozai. Ahmad Shah Durrani was attempting to form alliance of muslim Central Asian khanates and Kazaks in order to mount military campaign against the Qing expansion into Central Asia. Head of the central government, with full control of all departments of state in domestic and foreign affairs, both civil and military, the shah was assisted by a prime minister and a council of nine life-term advisers that he selected from the chiefs of the leading Afghan tribes. Updates? Ahmad Shah Abdali, Later known as Ahmad Shah Durrani Empire Was the Founder of modern Afghanistan.Before being elected king in 1747, Abdali was a cavalry general under Persian Emperor Nadir Shah. Coin of Ahmad Shah Durrani, minted in Shahjahanabad (Delhi).jpg 800 × 386; 112 KB Coronation of Ahmad Khan Abdali in 1747.jpg 569 × 365; 73 KB Coronation of Ahmad Shah Durrani in 1747 by Breshna.jpg 800 × 480; 139 KB Supported by most tribal leaders. After his Persian overlord was murdered he threw off the yoke of oppression and declared an independent Afghan state for his people. Google Books Leadership of the various Afghan tribes rested mainly on the ability to provide booty for the clan, and Ahmad Shah proved remarkably su… Pada Juli 1731, Zulfiqar kembali ke ibu kotanya Farah di mana dia telah menjabat sebagai gubernur sejak tahun 1726. Ahmad Shah Abdali, later known as Ahmad Shah Durrani, was the founder of modern Afghanistan. Ahmad Shah Durrani is on Facebook. Ahmad Shah enlisted as a young soldier in the military of the Afsharid kingdom and quickly rose to become a commander of four thousand Abdali Pashtun soldiers. [16], Para leluhur Durrani adalah orang Sadozai tetapi ibunya berasal dari suku Alakozai. Ahmad Shah Durrani is known in history as one of the prominent military leaders during the latter half of the 17th century.Durrani is also known as the founding father of what is now known as Afghanistan.He had two known partners in the course of his life; Hazrat Begum and Iffat-un-Nissa Begum. He was buried in the center of Kandahar city adjacent to the Shrine of the Cloak, where a large mausoleum was built. Aḥmad Shah Durrānī, founder of the state of Afghanistan and ruler of an empire that extended from the Amu Darya (ancient Oxus River) to the Indian Ocean and from Khorāsān into Kashmir, the Punjab, and Sindh. [15] Setelah dia membesarkan keluarganya di sana, dia diakui sebagai "pewaris kepala suku Sadozai yang turun-temurun". [17], Alikuzai, Hamid Wahed: A Concise History of Afghanistan [1] in 25 Volumes, USA, 2013, Vo 14, Pg. He is buried in a mausoleum in Kandahar. Before being elected king in 1747, Abdali was a cavalry general under the Persian emperor Nadir Shah. Ahmad Shah Durrani was a Afghan chieftain who rose to prominence leading Persian armies to victory. Ahmad Shāh Durrānī, also known as Ahmad Khān Abdālī, was the founder of the Durrani Empire and is regarded to be the founder of the modern state of Afghanistan. Mereka kemudian dijadikan tahanan politik oleh Hussain Hotak, penguasa Ghilji dari region Kandahar. Negara ini didirikan di Kandahar pada tahun 1747 oleh Ahmad Shah Durrani. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Tīmūr was driven out in 1758 by a force of Sikhs, Mughals, and Marathas, but in 1759–61 Aḥmad Shah swept the Marathas from the Punjab and destroyed their large army at Panipat, north of Delhi, in the third Battle of Panipat (January 14, 1761). Travel writer and explorer, Tahir Shah heads off to Afghanistan on a quest to find the hidden treasure of Ahmad Shah Durrani, the world's largest treasure estimated at over $500 billion in today's currency. Edit your search or learn more. Omissions? Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... …way to Nādir Shah was Aḥmad Khan, a member of the relatively small Sadozai lineage of Abdālī (Durrānī). 1 Overview 1.1 Afghanistan 1.2 Ahmad Shah Durrani 1.2.1 Dawn of Man 2 Unique Attributes 3 Strategy 4 Music 5 Mod Support 5.1 Events and Decisions 5.2 … Ahmad Shah Durrani was a Afghan chieftain who rose to prominence leading Persian armies to victory. Orang Afghanistan sering menyebut dia sebagai Ahmad Shāh Bābā ("Ahmad Shah sang Bapak"). In 1709 Mir Wais Hotak, chief of the Ghilji tribe of Kandahar Province, gained independence from the Safavid Persians. This mod requires Brave New World and works best with Gazebo's Community Patch. All results for Ahmad Shah Durrani. A member of the noble Sadōzai clan and the second son of Moḥammad Zamān Khan, a hereditary chief of the Abdālī tribe of Afghans, Aḥmad rose to command an Abdālī cavalry group under Nādir Shah of Persia, and, on Nādir Shah’s assassination, the Afghan chiefs elected Aḥmad as shah. It has been described in the following way: In his tomb his epitaph is written: Ahmad Shah's victory over the Marathas influenced the history of the subcontinent and, in particular, British policy in the region. Hotak briefly ruled large parts of Iran and declared an independent Afghan for..., his son Tīmūr remained behind ahmad shah durrani viceroy of the territory conquered Ahmad... 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