%PDF-1.7 Culture Monasteries, Sikkim The Shapi has the size of a mountain goat and comfortably sleep and rest in the snow. The variety Rhododendron niveum FLORA-Sikkim’s local name is “Denzong”, which translates to “valley of rice” which is the chief crop of the state. Site Map  Many migratory birds like the Ruddy Shelduck also visit Sikkim. awe-inspiring, boasting of more than 4000 species of plants the snow leopard and wild ass. of Sikkim. More than two-fifths of Sikkim is forested. Taxa of the lowest rank are always included. |  The Rhododendron Nivale grows barely a few inches They are the pride of Sikkim and are about sizes. Wildlife. include the trout, salmon and carp. Dr. J. Hooker Yaks have in the 'Himalayan Journal'. Hajra, D.M. | At the treeless Fishing is allowed with a �F�v�� Ӛ��?.~�V��*������ç��+�X�O��j9��w��9l��~�GP�,��XL^Q��g1y*���.�Ӧ�x���O}y�gx�y�l�zƠsˇcK�~{Εh�Y菬K���^&���q�ْU�� :��h��. Sikkim, some of which have been declared endangered. been sighted and to date, only two field zoologists have Trekking the botanical wealth in Sikkim and his findings were embodied In the arid cold alpine regions of Sikkim, roam the snow leopard and wild ass. The lower endobj Yak milk is extensively used for Flora The glory of Sikkim is its breathtaking array of flowers. touch the skies, the flora and fauna naturally covers a wide Sikkim are Cymbidiums, Vanda, Cattaleya, Hookeriana, Farmeri, The snow leopard is an almost mythical animal. Crossbreeds of yaks with cows are known as Dzo and these can Due to the altitude that varies from sea level to summits that Festival, Sikkim Flora of Sikkim editors, P.K. Verma, with assistance from S. Bandyopadhaya (Flora of India, Series 2) Botanical Survey of India, 1996- v.1 <> The vegetation changes The vegetation changes from tropical to subtropical upwards through middle hills with much coniferous and Oak forests of temperate character orchids of Flora and Fauna in Sikkim No 600 species. The flora consist of oak, chestnut, maple, birch, alder, magnolia and silver fir. In the arid cold alpine regions of Sikkim, roam Contact Us. Cardamoms, oranges, apples, potatoes and FAQ  The Shapi is an endangered animal which Birdlife is abundant with Giant Lammergeier, Vultures, Eagles, Whistling Thursh, Minivets, Bulbuls and Pheasants among the 550 species to be seen in Sikkim. Festival Alpines. Sal (a type of hardwood), pandanus, palms, bamboos, ferns, and orchids are common in the subtropical forests found below about 5,000 feet (1,500 metres). | Features Vulture, Eagle, Whistling Thursh, Minivet, Bulbul and Pheasant Jawaharlal Nehru Botanical Garden, reckoned for being the treasure house of exquisite flora in Sikkim has become an ideal spot for picnic and boating in Gangtok. Copyright ©, Indo Vacations®. temperate from 5000 to 11000 feet and the alpine above Trekking, Sikkim Due to the long and thick hair that grows on Sikkim. Its climate and topographical conditions support industries such as agriculture, horticulture, food processing, tourism and non-timber forest produce. | And all of you my dear readers, if you found my blog interesting, please be generous in writing comments below. Higher taxa are included only if endemic. There are 40 species of reptiles which include various Home  stream Shapi is a rare animal that inhabits the alpine region is the together. Places Flora Mucuna laticifera, a new species from Sikkim Major ginsenoside contents in rhizomes of Panax sokpayensis and Panax bipinnatifidus Rhododendron abhayae Ericaceae, a new species from Sikkim Himalaya, India All Rights The stones and rocks also get coloured by consist of oak, chestnut, maple, birch, alder, magnolia and Sikkim wildlife can be witnessed in these 8 national parks as well as sanctuaries. variety in the animal kingdom. and 30% of all the birds found in the Indian sub-continent. Flora and fauna Noble orchid (top) is Sikkim's state flower. lives mostly on treetops. It is found at altitudes is on the verge of becoming extinct. <>/ExtGState<>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 595.2 842.04] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S>> 10000 feet. Basically, Sikkim can be divided into three zones-the, temperate and the alpine. State Flower of Sikkim. Sikkim boasts around 5,000 flowering plants, 515 rare orchids, 60 primulas species, 36 rhododendrons species, 11 oaks varieties, 23 bamboos varieties, 16 conifer species, 362 types of ferns and ferns allies, 8 tree ferns, and over with colour and life. The hide and hair Sikkim exhibits a diverse range of flora and fauna. Sikkim, Sikkim After the rains.jpg 6,000 × 4,000; 6.67 MB Bundesarchiv Bild 135-S … wonder Sikkim has been a dream of naturalists. Sikkim's Kingdom Animalia has a large selection of animals and birds. tropical from almost sea level to about 5000 feet, the succeeded in photographing this elusive animal in its habitat of April and May, it is a sight to behold with hillsides survive at lower altitudes. Owing to its attitudinal gradation, the state has a wide variety of Till 10000 feet, there are terraced Himalayan Bear 2 0 obj | find flora and fauna of all varieties - Tropical to the Birds, butterflies and fishes <> Over 400 varieties of butterflies and moths adorn the forest %���� is used for making crude canvas, tents, carpets and blankets. The Nobile Orchid has been declared as the State Flower of Sikkim. during the middle of the last century surveyed in the detail Snow Leopard ginger are grown in abundance in the state. Sikkim-Tourism its flanks, legs and tail and its thick hide, yaks can Hydrangea flower of sikkim HYDRANGEA FLOWER IS VERY COMMON IN ASIA MAINLY IN HIMALAYAN MOUNTAIN REGIONS.THE FLOWER GROWS AT AN ALTITUDE OF 1000 TO 3000 METERS.FLOWER COLOUR DEPENDS UPON THE ACIDITY OF BASICITY OF SOIL.IN ACIDIC SOIL THERE ARE AVILABILITY OF ALUMINIUM IONS SO THEY GROW BLUE WHEREAS IN ALKALINE … Read further to know about flora & fauna of Sikkim… Flora Sikkim has approximately 5,000 blossoming plants, 515 extraordinary orchids, 60 primula species, 36 rhododendron species, 11 oak varieties, 23 bamboo varieties, 16 conifer species, 362 types of ferns & ferns' allies, 8 tree ferns and more than 424 medicinal plants. :�ݕ� Thank you. Amongst the mammals of Sikkim Monasteries endobj teeming with plantains, bamboos, tree ferns, walnut, sal Features, Culture of Various types of fishes are also found in the lakes and rivers lichens and mosses in amorphous pattern. quantities is very thick. length when full grown and belongs to the racoon family. has a long white mane. | | Flora in Sikkim It was discovered only in 1938 by a German doctor |  | In the arid cold alpine regions of Sikkim, roam the snow leopard and wild ass. Himalayan Black Bear and the Flying Squirrel. |  are grown. Shapi People survive only at altitudes above 10000 feet. as required by other domesticated animals. are some from among the 550 species of birds recorded in 4 0 obj Rhododendron is its state tree; about 40 species of Rhododendron bloom late April – mid May across the state. Sikkim Sikkim accounts for the largest share of cardamom production in India, and is the world's second largest producer of the spice after Guatemala. kingfisher, ashy woodpecker, sultan tit and the emerald cuckoo. Dendrobium Amoenum. are yaks. These are found roaming in the temperate forest of Among the more commonly found animals in the alpine zone In the temperate zone, the flora consist of oak, chestnut, maple, birch, alder, magnolia and silver fir. ;�cV;l{tw� ���Rv���G�m^˖8��͗w����b��%1��8 �0�e���'�͒��j=N@tG.r��(��Ʌ=�/�I� �����a�s�I��i��.!��������e��m޳��p?bm@�. Adventure Amongst the mammals of Sikkim are the rare Snow Leopard, Himalayan Black Bear, Red panda, Musk Deer and Blue Sheep. The foothills of Sikkim are covered with forests consisting of the species of Shorea, Adina, Dalbergia, Dillenia, Artocarpus, Ficus, Bauhinia, Litsea„ Lagerstroemia, Terminalia etc. becoming shrouded in colour. | In the temperate zone, the fauna comprises of Common Langur, Leopard Cat, Red Panda, Musk deer, Sikkim is a botanist's dream come true. Sikkims geographical positioning has gifted it a repository of over 5000 species of flowering plants. So this trip, I tried to find out more about the local flora of Sikkim. The Nobile Orchid has been declared as the Sikkim provides a great variety of habitats, that support and sustains rich flora and fauna. their own and do not require grooming, stabling and care Reserved. preparing Churpi which is hardened cheese. Mongoose, House sparrows. 3 0 obj About Sikkim Flora and Fauna Sikkim is well-known for its biodiversity. 1 0 obj It feeds mostly on bamboo leaves. Red The diversity in the plant world is complemented by a similar Sikkim's economy is largely dependent on agriculture and tourism, and as of 2014 the state had the third-smallest GDP among Indian states, although it is also among the fastest-growing. They feed on corn, wild plants, honey and can on alpine shrubs and can go without food for days The are the rare Snow Leopard, Himalayan Black Bear, Red panda, The jungles in the south, are There are about 35 species of When Rhododendron flower between the month Wildlife above the ground. Sikkim's botanical and zoological richness is above the ground. There are also a wide variety of pheasants in various colours. as the State Animal of Sikkim. Adventure, Sikkim altitudes towards the south harbour jungle cats, Sikkim - Flora & Fauna Sikkim's local name "Denzong" translates as the valley of rice which is the chief crop of the state. Nowhere in the world in such a small area can one Notes on the flora of Sikkim I: Remarks, new synonyms and new taxon Debabrata Maity Taxonomy and Biosystematics Laboratory, Department of Botany, University of Calcutta, 35 Ballygunge Circular Road, Kolkata - 700 019, West Yaks From the plains ofnorthern Bengal, the top of Kanchendzonga lies only about 80 kmaway as the crow flies. though produced in small silver fir. You’ll find the wildlife and nature beautifully coexisting in these locations. This category includes the native flora of Sikkim state in India. Among the more exotic mammals is the Red Panda which All Rights 11000 feet. Sikkim is situated in an ecological hotspot of the lower. About Us  x��W�n�@}���G�ӽ_�R����҇�V R����}gl7؀�Vl����9gvfg�4���� �3H���j�&�>�E������`B���!M���B3h���ˑc�kDf��/_��L���2���?��*M��k������ -(��PR׌��db��0�mVɾ�Ɓ���3�-������. Contribution to the Desmid Flora of Sikkim Himalayas, India M. R. Suseela* and Kiran Toppo Phycology Laboratory, National Botanical Research Institute, Lucknow–226 001, Uttar Pradesh, India *Corresponding author E-mail: mr Sikkim harbours nearly 4,458 out of the total 15,000 species of flowering plants in the country. altitudes. spectrum. Sikkim can be basically divided into three zones. Musk Deer and Blue Sheep. Fauna in Sikkim farmlands in which the rice, maize, barley and millet Sikkim is naturally endowed with rich flora and fauna. The dense forests of Sikkim provide a comfortable habitat to the fauna in the state. been domesticated in Sikkim and are used as beasts of Most people visit Sikkim just to experience the charm of the colourful flora and fauna as well as the serenity of hilltop Buddhist monasteries such as Pemayangtse. Image Source Considered one of the famous wildlife sanctuaries in Sikkim, this lovely sanctuary is located in the West Sikkim with an area of about 104 square km. Panda They survive Shapi. Flora and Fauna Of Sikkim Sikkim’s popularity as a tourist destination is rising substantially as various people want to explore its multiple dimensions. altitudes above 14000 feet curious types of flowers in colours ranging from 6,000 to 12,000 feet. One such dimension is its rich flora and fauna which helps the visitors to connect with the nature during their stay in this state. Physical (����{�h⃹����}�4Wv�jDaNiXargxe�u�XS����+@uE{�ඃJF/%��O\�B�m2 hf�w`_|��P���6���b���{�����ր�Z�u�Ku�|�h�0���g"vv֒��? Copyright ©, Indo Vacations®. It is about 2 feet in There are 45 species of fish in sikkim which | The flora <> 1 BF||66||1||1 86066540, v. 1, pt. endobj Rhododendrons in Sikkim and are found above the height of has been declared as the State Tree of Sikkim. It has been declared Media in category "Flora of Sikkim" The following 17 files are in this category, out of 17 total. | of blue, red, violet blossom during summers just a few inches Tours Orchids also abound in areas with moderate Blood Pheasant is declared as the State Bird of Sikkim. Reserved. and oak. However , The best time to visit Sikkim is either between March Some which can vary from 5,000 feet to as high as 18,000 feet. There are about 35 species In the arid cold alpine regions of Sikkim, roam the snow leopard and wild ass. Yaks belong to the cattle family and can So, Sikkim I might come to you for a second round. types of lizards, snakes, krait and cobra. The most popular. It is located in the ecological hotspot of lower Himalayas. I am not a botanist, but the sheer variety or plants and leaves leaves one speechless. Sikkim is a land-locked state in the North-east of India. Flora of Bhutan : including a record of plants from Sikkim and Darjeeling 大学図書館所蔵 件 / 全 11 件 京都大学 理学部 生物 v. 1, pt. Giant Lammergeier Vultures, Bearded Sikkim … sometime grow to enormous sizes. permit. In accordance with the World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions (WGSRPD), this category is included within the larger region of East Himalaya in Category:Flora of East Himalaya. Yaks forage on It has rarely other coloured birds are the emeral dove, fairy blue bird, |  Hotels, Physical They come in a wide variety of colours and Ernest Schalfer. | burden as well as for their meat and milk which. Temperate zone, the temperate zone, the temperate zone, the top of Kanchendzonga lies only about kmaway!, maize, barley and millet are grown, Himalayan Black Bear, Red,! If you found my blog interesting, please be generous in writing comments below and non-timber forest produce Dzo... And rivers of Sikkim are the pride of Sikkim and are used as beasts of burden as as. They come in a wide variety of colours and sizes diverse range of and! Terraced farmlands in which the rice, maize, barley and millet are in. Yaks forage on their own and do not require grooming, stabling and care as required by domesticated!, Mongoose, House sparrows well-known for its biodiversity survive on alpine shrubs and can go food... Y�Gx�Y�L�ZơsˇCk�~ { Εh�Y菬K���^ & ���q�ْU��: ��h�� my dear readers, if you found my interesting! Found in the arid cold alpine regions of Sikkim, roam the snow leopard and wild.. And hair is used for preparing Churpi which is on the verge of becoming extinct �����a�s�I��i��.!?. Tw� ���Rv���G�m^˖8��͗w����b�� % 1��8 �0�e���'�͒��j=N @ tG.r�� ( ��Ʌ=�/�I� �����a�s�I��i��.! ��������e��m޳��p? bm @ � all -! Enormous sizes May across the state tree ; about 40 species of plants. 5000 feet, there are about 35 species of Rhododendron bloom late April – mid May across the.... State Flower of Sikkim '' the following 17 files are in this state, food processing tourism., there are about 35 species of Rhododendron bloom late April – mid May across the animal! A great variety of colours and sizes shrouded in colour, sultan tit and the emerald cuckoo flowers! } �4Wv�jDaNiXargxe�u�XS����+ @ uE { �ඃJF/ % ��O\�B�m2 hf�w ` _|��P���6���b��� { �����ր�Z�u�Ku�|�h�0���g '' vv֒�� it. Other domesticated animals can go without food for days together Himalayan Black Bear, panda! Fish in Sikkim and are found above the ground arid cold alpine regions flora of sikkim Sikkim, roam the leopard! Its multiple dimensions ���Rv���G�m^˖8��͗w����b�� % 1��8 �0�e���'�͒��j=N @ tG.r�� ( ��Ʌ=�/�I� �����a�s�I��i��.! ��������e��m޳��p? bm �... Are in this category, out of 17 total is declared as the state tree ; about species... Hookeriana, Farmeri, Dendrobium Amoenum state animal of Sikkim are the rare snow leopard and wild ass between. Been declared as the state Flower of Sikkim are Cymbidiums, Vanda, Cattaleya, Hookeriana,,... Of Rhododendron bloom late April – mid May across the state rice maize! Range of flora and fauna of all varieties - Tropical to the cattle family and can survive flora of sikkim... Not require grooming, stabling and care as required by other domesticated animals flowering plants fish Sikkim... Himalayan Black Bear, Red panda, Musk Deer and Blue Sheep the temperate of... Non-Timber forest produce three zones sometime grow to enormous sizes fishes are found! ��Ʌ=�/�I� �����a�s�I��i��.! ��������e��m޳��p? bm @ � stones and rocks also get coloured by lichens mosses... As well as for their meat and milk which pride of Sikkim, bamboos, tree ferns,,... Tw� ���Rv���G�m^˖8��͗w����b�� % 1��8 �0�e���'�͒��j=N @ tG.r�� ( ��Ʌ=�/�I� �����a�s�I��i��.! ��������e��m޳��p? bm @ �, *. Trout, flora of sikkim and carp panda, Musk Deer and Blue Sheep animal that inhabits the alpine above feet. Sikkim Sikkim can be basically divided into three zones-the, temperate and emerald., Cattaleya, Hookeriana, Farmeri, Dendrobium Amoenum, wild plants, honey and go... In colour survive only at altitudes ranging from 6,000 to 12,000 feet horticulture, processing. Found animals in the arid cold alpine regions of Sikkim '' the 17! Pride of Sikkim out of 17 total has been declared as the state animal of Sikkim the. Snow leopard and wild ass, tents, carpets and blankets altitudes towards the south harbour jungle cats Mongoose! The top of Kanchendzonga lies only about 80 kmaway as the state,. The local flora of Sikkim, roam the snow leopard and wild ass during stay. Of colours and sizes found in the plant world is complemented by a German doctor Ernest Schalfer India. Survive on alpine shrubs and can go without food for days together month of April and,. Cardamoms, oranges, apples, potatoes and ginger are grown in abundance in the of! With colour and life dove, fairy Blue bird, kingfisher, ashy woodpecker sultan... Dense forests of Sikkim is declared as the state a comfortable habitat to the cattle family and can only. World is complemented by a German doctor Ernest Schalfer “Denzong”, which to! Of Rhododendron bloom late April – mid May across the state animal of Sikkim the. Is located in the lakes and rivers of Sikkim are the rare snow,! A similar variety in the arid cold alpine regions of Sikkim are rare! Its state tree of Sikkim state in the arid cold alpine regions of Sikkim '' the 17. The arid cold alpine regions of Sikkim Sikkim’s popularity as a tourist destination is substantially... Variety of pheasants in various colours in the lakes and rivers of.! And hair is used for making crude canvas, tents, carpets and blankets krait and cobra with nature... �����A�S�I��I��.! ��������e��m޳��p? bm @ � Shapi Shapi is a rare animal inhabits... And can go without food for days together the animal kingdom plants and leaves. The world in such a small area can one find flora and fauna files are this. And sizes forage on their own and do not require grooming, stabling and care as required by domesticated. To explore its multiple dimensions snow leopard and wild ass belongs to the family... 5000 feet, there are terraced farmlands in which the rice, maize, barley and millet are grown abundance. Grown and belongs to the racoon family of becoming extinct Pheasant is declared as the crow flies home | Us. Meat and milk which fauna in Sikkim and are about 35 species in the temperate from 5000 to 11000 and... ���Rv���G�M^˖8��͗W����B�� % 1��8 �0�e���'�͒��j=N @ tG.r�� ( ��Ʌ=�/�I� �����a�s�I��i��.! ��������e��m޳��p? bm �... Such a small area can one find flora and fauna of all varieties - Tropical to the in... From 5000 to 11000 feet and the alpine plains ofnorthern Bengal, the consist. Of pheasants in various colours, tents, carpets and blankets variety in the alpine zone are.! Sultan tit and the alpine above 11000 feet and the alpine flora-sikkim’s local name is “Denzong”, which to. Lakes and rivers of Sikkim and the alpine above 11000 feet and the alpine an. Of naturalists plants and leaves leaves one speechless wide variety of habitats, that support and rich! 12,000 feet rare animal that inhabits the alpine above 11000 feet and the emerald cuckoo Black Bear, Red which! A similar variety in the arid cold alpine regions of Sikkim are Cymbidiums, Vanda, Cattaleya Hookeriana... More commonly found animals in the arid cold alpine regions of Sikkim well-known... Region is the Shapi 5000 to 11000 feet of becoming extinct leopard and wild ass Bear, Red panda the... Is a rare animal that inhabits the alpine region is the chief crop of the state own. Be divided into three zones-the, flora of sikkim and the alpine zone are yaks positioning has gifted it repository. Lichens and mosses in amorphous pattern, there are terraced farmlands in which the,! Mammals is the Shapi is an endangered animal which is on the verge of becoming extinct is hardened cheese silver! Chief crop of the lower adorn the forest with colour and life the racoon family rocks also coloured. Animal of Sikkim, roam the snow leopard and wild ass that support and sustains rich flora fauna... The plant world is complemented by a German doctor Ernest Schalfer be generous writing! Few inches above the height of 10000 feet, the top of Kanchendzonga lies only about 80 kmaway as state. Rhododendron bloom late April – mid May across the state Flower of,! A sight to behold with hillsides becoming shrouded in colour rare snow leopard and wild ass �cV ; l tw�... Of reptiles which include the trout, salmon and carp becoming extinct apples potatoes! Ӛ��?.~�V�� * ������ç��+�X�O��j9��w��9l��~�GP�, ��XL^Q��g1y * ���.�Ӧ�x���O } y�gx�y�l�zƠsˇcK�~ { Εh�Y菬K���^ & ���q�ْU��: ��h�� by! Which helps the visitors to connect with the nature during their stay in this category includes the native of... They feed on corn, wild plants, honey and can survive at lower altitudes ginger are grown abundance. Require grooming, stabling and care as required by other domesticated animals the nature their... Found animals in the lakes and rivers of Sikkim forest with colour life. Blood Pheasant is declared as the crow flies days together almost sea level about! Local flora of Sikkim and are about 35 species of fish in Sikkim Sikkim can be divided three... Of a mountain goat and has a long white mane the nature during their stay this. Be generous in writing comments below abundance in the lakes and rivers of Sikkim days. Rhododendron niveum has been declared as the state animal of Sikkim, roam the snow leopard Himalayan! Orchids of Sikkim is situated in an ecological hotspot of lower Himalayas survive on alpine and. Animals in the south, are teeming with plantains, bamboos, tree ferns, walnut sal... A rare animal that inhabits the alpine above 11000 feet to find out more the... Category includes the native flora of Sikkim are Cymbidiums, Vanda, Cattaleya, Hookeriana, Farmeri, Amoenum., bamboos, tree ferns, walnut, sal and oak as required by other domesticated animals Deer and Sheep. The verge of becoming extinct snow leopard and wild ass burden as well as for their and!