Summary: this tutorial helps you get started with C language, its history, key features, and applications.. What is C language. C compilers are available for all operating systems and hardware platforms. C provides the feature of pointers. In this post we delve into the features and characteristics of C programming language. Mail us on hr@javatpoint.com, to get more information about given services. C is a general-purpose programming language with features economy of expression, modern flow control and data structures, and a rich set of operators. C is the widely used language. 5) C is portable, which means a C program runs in different environments. C is a robust programming with an impressive set of built-in functions and a variety of operators which you can use to write any complex program. All rights reserved. The compilation and execution time of C language is fast since there are lesser inbuilt functions and hence the lesser overhead. This is because C uses a powerful set of data types and operators. 7) C is a very flexible language; it is convenient and portable, like a high level language and flexible like a low level language. 'C' was developed by Dennis Ritchie in 1972. They can perform very basic commands but are generally difficult to read and comprehend. C is a procedural programming language and C++ is a combination of both procedural and object oriented programming language. When we write programs in python, we do not need to remember the system architecture, nor do we need to manage the memory. 6. It keeps fluctuating at number one scale of popularity along with Java programming language, which is also equally popular and most … Although, C is intended to do low-level programming. In truth, most of the languages include ideas and features from various domains, which only helps to increase the usefulness of these types of languages. Programming languages allow humans to create a meaningful set of instructions for a computer to perform tasks. Such applications include operating systems and various application software for computer architectures that range from supercomputers to PLCs and embedded systems. It can be interfaced with other programming languages. C is very much portable, which means programs written on a machine using C can be used on other machines as well without any modification. C is a robust programming with an impressive set of built-in functions and a variety of operators which you can use to write any complex program. It continues to go strong while older programming languages such as BASIC and. The main idea behind creating C++ programming was to add object orientation to the C programming language. It is used to develop system applications such as kernel, driver, etc. The C compiler detects syntax errors quickly and easily and displays the errors along with the line numbers of the code and the error message. This byte code is distributed over the web and interpreted by the Virtual Machine (JVM) on whichever platform it is being run on. Importance of C language. A way to categorize programming languages is through high-level or low-level. Watch Now. These are some major features of C programming that makes it demanding in IT sector. Features of C Programming Language | atnyla It is a robust language with a rich set of built-in functions and operators that can be used to write any complex program. This is one of the most important features of C++. Programs Written in C are efficient and fast. Java is more object-oriented, but still includes many imperative features… C programs are fast and efficient. Programs Written in C are efficient and fast. Features of C Programming Language: C is one of the most popular languages used today and features in operating systems and embedded systems. 3) C is a structured programming language, which means as a programmer, you are required to divide a problem into a several different modules or functions. 3. This article discusses the key features … By definition, C is a general-purpose and procedural programming language. Additionally, you can easily write code on one system and port it to another. 8. 6. C programming language C language is the compiled language versus an interpreted language, Explained simply, So, The code is compacted into executable instruction rather than being translated on the fly at run time, This feature lends heavily to the speed of C programs and a lot of libraries are written in C. The C compiler combines the capabilities of an assembly language with features of a high-level language. That is why it is known as mid-level language. Unlike many other programming languages including C and C++, when Java is compiled, it is not compiled into platform specific machine, rather into platform-independent byte code. What Are The Features of C language? 14) Finally,  C has a rich set of library functions and supports graphic programming too. 2. As a middle-level language, C combines the features of both high-level and low-level languages. 5. It is a robust language with a rich set of built-in functions and operators that can be used to write any complex program. Examples of pre-defined function such as "System.out.println", can be used as a function that is already within a programming language, this grants easy work for programmers. Simplicity does not mean that it can be subtracted from the optimal power of functioning. Therefore, C is a machine independent language. 9. Developed by JavaTpoint. It also supports the features of a high-level language. C++ is an object-oriented programming language. In C language, we can free the allocated memory at any time by calling the free() function. So, it is easy to understand and modify. It also supports the features of a high-level language. Features of C. It is a very simple and easy language, C language is mainly used for develop desktop based application. Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Features and Characteristics of C Programming Language. It employs the use of objects while programming. Python Basics Video Course now on Youtube! Procedural- This is one of the best features of “C”. It is a procedure and structure oriented language. Data abstraction:D… It makes easy to debug the code. Procedural means following top to bottom approach. C programming language can support system programming and its ability to extend itself. C is considered to be one of the most powerful programming languages because of its structure, high-level abstraction and the fact that it is machine-independent. Features of C++. A C program consists of a number of functions that are supported by C library. The C compiler combines the capabilities of an assembly language with features of a high-level language. 2. We can write us some Python code into C or C++ language and also we can compile that code in C/C++ language. Many compilers are available for executing programs written in 'C'. C is the most widely used older programming language. This efficiency has made the applications written in C super-fast. These objects help you implement real-time problems based on data abstraction, data encapsulation, data hiding, and polymorphism. Recursion enables us to use the approach of backtracking. C programs are fast and efficient. A brief description of all keywords in C programming is given in this tutorial. C is a structured programming language developed in 1973 by computer programmer Dennis Ritchie at the Bell Laboratories. It is a robust language. We can differentiate every programming language by its features as it makes the language special and unique. Duration: 1 week to 2 week. It has a vast collection of keywords, operators, built-in functions and data types which make it efficient and powerful. 10) C is easily available. A programming language is an artificial language used to create programs that express precise algorithms to make a computer perform computations.. It has found lasting use in applications previously coded in assembly language. Key points to remember in C programming basics: C programming is a case sensitive programming language. Well, C is probably the most widely used computer programming language. C language is extensible because it can easily adopt new features. this language have following features and here we discuss some important features of C++. Features Of C Programming Language: C Programming language is highly portable and can be used on any computer. C was first developed with the UNIX operating system and shares much in common with UNIX, which still remains a widely used operating system, and forms the core of the internet data superhighway. All other programming languages were derived directly or indirectly from C programming concepts. These files contain MSIL (Microsoft Intermediate Language) code. The C compiler combines the capabilities of an assembly language with features of a high-level language. 1. 7. Each C programming statement is ended with semicolon (;) which are referred as statement terminator. 12) C makes available a number of in-built memory management functions that save memory and improve the efficiency of the program such as malloc(), calloc() and alloc(). The low-level languages communicate directly with the central processing unit or the CPU. For example: Key features of Procedural Programming Pre-defined functions. Other programming languages such as Java and Python can offer more features than C but those additional features effects on the performance of the language. Extensible feature: Python is a Extensible language. Features of C language It is a robust language with rich set of built-in functions and operators that can be used to write any complex program. The reason why C has been so popular lies in the efficiency with which C converts into machine instructions. It can be used for low-level programming, such as scripting for drivers and kernels and it also supports functions of high-level programming languages, such as scripting for software applications etc. There are all together 32 keywords in C programming language. High-Level Language: Python is a high-level language. 7. C is the most widely used computer language. It is easy to learn for beginners. 9) C is modular, which means C programs can be divided into small modules, which are much easier to understand. The key difference between Python and C language is that Python is a multi-paradigm language and C is a structured programming language. The code of the other programming language can use in the Python source code. However, C++ includes almost every feature of C and thus is an imperative programming language too. 6) C is popular not just because it can be used as a standalone programming language, but also as it can be used as an interface to other more visual languages. 4) C is renowned for its simplicity and is easy to use because of its structured approach. We can use Python source code in another programming language as well. The code written in C#, on compilation generates an ‘.exe' or ‘.dll' file which is also called Portable Executable file. C language was introduced by Dennis Ritchie in 1960. Embeddable. It provides many features that are given below. C is a structured programming language in the sense that we can break the program into parts using functions. Fast- There is no doubt about it. The major upgradations are object-oriented programming methodology, namespace feature, operator overloading, error & exception handling. There are several different kinds of programming languages, which differ in many aspects, the most important of them being the … It provides code reusability for every function. C11 standard adds new features to C programming language and library like type generic macros, anonymous structures, improved Unicode support, atomic operations, multi-threading and bounds-checked functions. It is a low programming level language close to machine language 4. 11) C is easy to debug. Features of C language It is a robust language with rich set of built-in functions and operators that can be used to write any complex program. C is a general-purpose, procedural computer programming language supporting structured programming, lexical variable scope, and recursion, with a static type system. Please mail your requirement at hr@javatpoint.com. ... Enumeration types are declared in C programming using keyword enum. C is a simple language in the sense that it provides a structured approach (to break the problem into parts), the rich set of library functions, data types, etc. That is … It is used to develop system applications such as kernel, driver, etc. Python runs code line by line like C,C++ Java. NEW. C is a compiled language that once you write C program, must run it through a C compiler to turn your program into an executable that the computer can run. 8) C is super fast. It has the full support of various operating systems and hardware platforms. C is one of the fastest programming languages in the world. © Copyright 2011-2018 www.javatpoint.com. JavaTpoint offers college campus training on Core Java, Advance Java, .Net, Android, Hadoop, PHP, Web Technology and Python. C++ is object oriented programming language and it is a very simple and easy language, It is the enhanced form of C programming language. The C compiler combines the capabilities of an assembly language with features of a high-level language. Key Features Beginning C++ Programming book gets you started with the exciting world of C++ programming It will enable you to write C++ code that uses the standard library, has a level of object orientation, and uses memory in a safe and effective way Although, C is intended to do low-level programming. 13) Recursion is one of the common techniques used in C, where in a function calls itself again and again. Programming languages allow the manipulation of data structures and the flow of execution of a program. 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