It was owned by the Commonwealth & Dominion Line, London. Also on board was the official war correspondent C.E.W. Avoiding the German cruiser ‘Emden’ twice in 1914, the Osterley came through the war unscathed and was returned to commercial service in January 1919. Australia's dual loyalty was evident in the name of the volunteer force formed in September 1914, the Australian Imperial Force (AIF). 12,130 tons, length 163m. Owned by China Mutual SN Co. London The Castalia survived both wars and was sold to an Italian line in 1949 running a service to Central America. One of the more controversial events during the Great War was the sinking of the Canadian Hospital Ship Llandovery Castle by a German submarine, U-86, on 27th June, 1918.  She was armed with a quick-firing gun mounted on her stern as a defence against U-boats. 2375 Pte Smith, 2464 Pte Bolger and 2469 Pte Edwards of the 5th/22nd returned to Australia on the Ulysses. In Australia in 1914 matters of foreign affairs and declarations of war and peace were within the exclusive province of the British Imperial Government. With over 6 million British Service Men serving abroad during the Great War, transporting the troops was a considerable undertaking.Recording their movement was a necessity, especially considering the range of their destinations – these records include ports ranging such as … Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). Later that year the Alaunia carried troops to Bombay. Operated by the Anchor Line, the SS Castalia was a passenger and general cargo vessel, accommodating 102 cabin class passengers. World War II Troop Ships is a "Fang, Ramses & Rupert " production. Launched in 1913, the Ulysses was the largest ship to serve as a troop carrier, and was leased by the Commonwealth until 15th August 1917. Unknown to Captain William Smith German submarine captain Oberleutnant Johann Lohs was watching him through the periscope of UB-57. On a subsequent voyage on 27th October 1915 she transported the 6th reinforcements 22nd Battalion to Egypt. Copyright Following the Twenty-Second. Although torpedoed she made it to port and resumed service to Australia in 1946. Troop transport HMAT Benalla (A24), crowded with troops, departing from the wharf. The list is in chronological order by departure date. These men were not officially in the military nor were they 100% civilian. The transport ships are listed in chronological order, helping to tell the story of an Australian Infantry battalion during the First World War from their departure from Australia, arrival in Egypt, Gallipoli, and France, and then for the return to Australia at the end of the war. They are held by Archives New Zealand, and can usually be located on their Archway database: 1. Archives have digitised these files – view an example here(click on pdf link to download) Personnel files contain a lot of military short-hand and can be hard to understand. The Scotian originally sailed the North Atlantic routes from Europe to North America and was brought into war service in September 1914 to help augment the ships of the Royal Fleet Auxiliary, first bringing troops of the Canadian Expeditionary Force to England.  During the First World War the Osterley was used as a troop ship by the AIF, and on 29th September 1915 conveyed the 5th/22nd Battalion to Egypt. The Southland was repaired and returned to White Star–Dominion for Liverpool–Quebec–Montreal service in August 1916, but on 4th June 1917 was torpedoed and sunk by the German submarine SM U-70 while 140 nautical miles (260 km) northwest of Tory Island off the Irish coast. Since its foundation in 1913, the Royal Australian Navy has operated a large number of … World War II merchant ship movement records for Australia. The SS Port Lyttelton [sometimes referred to as SS Port Lydelton in Australian sources] was formerly the SS Niwaru but requisitioned in 1916 as a troop ship and renamed to SS Port Lyttelton. Sydney, NSW, 1916-05. 6,953 tons, length 415ft. Click here to view a site map. Trove is a collaboration between the National Library of Australia and hundreds of Partner organisations around Australia. It was picked up by the destroyer Lysander on the morning of 29 June, 36 hours after the attack. Launched in September 1913 and completed in January 1914, the Llandovery Castle initially sailed between London and East Africa, then London and West Africa. Unit names are spelled out when they fit (but not always); so search for the unit number - e.g., "106" or … For questions or comments about this site, please e-mail The men were sentenced to 4 years of hard labour, but escaped while underway to the prison. In the early morning of 26th May 1918, the Kyarra had cleared the Isle of Wight and was moving fast through calm seas around Anvil Point just off Swanage, Dorset. During its sail from Egypt to Gallipoli on the 2nd September 1915 at 9:45am it was torpedoed by the German submarine UB-14 30 nautical miles (56 km) from Lemnos in the Aegean Sea. So if you are looking for a particular ship or unit, you will have to use the FIND function in your browser. Joining with the 26 Australian transports were another 10 from New Zealand with an escort provided by the cruisers HMSMinotaur, HMAS Melbourne and HMAS Sydney. Only one lifeboat survived the attack. The ship was returning to England after having brought Canadian casualties back to Halifax, Nova Scotia. Around the photograph are signatures of some  of those on board. An Australian Infantry Battalion in the First World War. Being a Hospital Ship, it was clearly identified as such with a brightly illuminated Red Cross, was unarmed and running with full lights. The transport ship Ascanius (A11) a steam passenger ship which was requisitioned in 1914 as troop transport for the Australian Expeditionary Force and returned to the owner in 1920. In 1949 she was chartered by the Ministry of Food for use as a cold storage unit before being scrapped at Dalmuir in 1953. The two other officers, Ludwig Dithmar and John Boldt were tried and convicted. The S.S. Mahana was commonly referred to at the time as the “Bride Boat”, since many of its passengers were newlywed female post-war emigrants and their partners. On the journey the convoy stopped at Colombo to re-fuel, and the Orvieto took on board a number of prisoners from the German cruiser SMS Emden that had been engaged and put out of action by HMAS Sydney, a light cruiser of the Royal Australian Navy. In March 1915, Kyarra was converted into a troop transport. On 6 November 1914 she was requisitioned and converted into a hospital ship (HMAT A.55 Kyarra) for the purpose of transporting Australian medical units to Egypt. Original data: U.S., WWI Troop Transport Ships, 1918-1919. (This is a mandatory criterion. Built by Swan, Hunter & Wigham Richardson, Ltd., Newcastle in 1906 and owned by the Kedivial Co.. This was denied and the Captain and Medical Officer were allowed back into the lifeboat. Royal Australian Navy. Bean. > > > > After the war he was returned to Australia on the 'NEVASA'.Embarkation She had the capacity to carry 1,500 passengers, but her 3rd Class accommodation for 450 passengers was removed in 1926 and she was converted for use as a cargo ship. My soldier was a member of the 67th Battalion (Western Scots) and sailed aboard the RMS Olympic in early April 1916. (London: Chatham Publishing,1999). The ship weighed 6,444 tons with an average cruise speed of 12 knots or 22.22 kmph. Hospital ships were covered under the Hague Convention X of 1907. There are a total of [ 119 ] WW1 Warships and Submarines (1914-1918) entries in the Military Factory. HMT Southland initially operated as a liner between Antwerp and New York under British registry, but was re-registered in Antwerp in 1903. After the beginning of the First World War, Vaderland was re-registered in Liverpool and converted to a troopship, ferrying troops of the Canadian Expeditionary Force from Halifax to Liverpool. Built in 1910 by Workman, Clark in Belfast, 10,048 tons, length 150.3 metres, speed 14 knots. The Troopship Demosthenes about to leave the wharf are with Troops bound for the Front. 12,129 tons with an average cruise speed of 18 knots. Euripides made a quick passage of the Great Australian Bight, and after waiting in Albany for the remainder of what was now known as Convoy 1 to assemble, sailed with the fleet from Western Australia on 1 November. The transport ship HMAT Ballarat after the troops had left the ship, subsequent upon being torpedoed on by a German submarine in the English Channel on 25 April 1917. She was requisitioned in 1916 and was used to transport the 22nd Battalion from Alexandria to Marseille in March 1916 as the AIF, and with the 2nd Division at the fore, moved to France for the fighting on the Western Front. On 8th March 1915 she was commissioned under the British Admiralty and performed mine laying duties along the east coast of Britain in the North Sea. The Ulysses also sailed between Australia and England during the Second World War, again ferrying Australian troops and airmen to the front. In September 1915 she was used to transport the 22nd Battalion from the Greek island of Lemnos to Anzac Cove on the Gallipoli Peninsula. On 31st December 1917, having sailed from Southampton with troops and medical personnel on board, the Osmanieh was sunk by a mine from the German submarine UC-34 at the entrance to the Alexandria Harbour. The wreck was not discovered until the late 1960’s. Many thanks to Ted Finch for his assistance in collecting this data. After being refitted as a troop carrier, the Orvieto sailed as part of the first convoy of ships carrying troops from Australia and New Zealand for Europe during the First World War, departing Albany Western Australia on 1st November 1914. On 4 August 1914 when Britain declared war on Germany the ships of the Royal Australian Navy were at sea and proceeding to their war stations. This group of thirteen represented the most number of 5th/22nd returning home to Australia together at the same time.

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