The Tsonga people originated from Central and East Africa somewhere between AD 200 and 500, and have been migrating in-and-out of South Africa for over a thousand (1,000) years. ), iziduko (pl.) At the same time, they are not small enough to be ignored as they constitute the largest minority language group. [3] It is possible that different conflicting groups sought to establish protection alliances and thus integrated their tribes into a common establishment or to secure trade. There are generally the Ngoni (derived from the word Nguni), the Ndau and the Malopo. [15] Many of the Gaza people fled from the disintegrated Empire and its remaining leadership took asylum in South Africa where most of the Tsonga people had been living before the Mfecane wars started. For Northern sotho -MAREDI -MPHAHLELE -THOBEJANE -MASEMOLA -MOKOENA Zulu -Zulu -Mabaso -Khumalo -Mhlongo Tsonga -khubayi -khoza -mabunda Sotho -khune -masilela … The Tembe people of KwaZulu-Natal, for example, still praise themselves as "amaThonga" but are now a part of the Zulu language and culture after being integrated in northern KwaZulu Natal. However there is evidence to suggest that the earliest most dominant Tsonga kingdom within South African territory from the 1600s to the late 1800s was the Hlengwe Dynasty of Mahimi Mkhumuli Mabasa/Chauke and in the late 1900s was the Mhinga Dynasty, who founded Malamulele (the Rescuer) and further formed the leadership of the Gazankulu territorial authority around the 1960s in what is today the eastern parts of the Limpopo province. The Fader – Ghetto Palms 90: New Styles/Shangaan Electro/South Africa Road Epic! They recorded the names of chiefdoms like Ngomane, Nyaka, Mpfumo, Lebombo (Livombo), Manyisa and Tembe. There are also other Tsonga groups in parts of Mozambique, Zimbabwe, and Swaziland. Find the meaning of Tsonga Names for FREE. ), iziduko (pl.) Although some names possibly appear suitable and have some of the qualities you are looking for, the name may not harmonize with your last name and the baby's birth date and could create restrictions and lack of success. [3] What can be identified as the Shangaan tribe only forms a small fraction of the entire Tsonga ethnic group, meaning that the term "Shangaan" should only be applied to that tribe which is directly related to Soshangane ka Zikode (a Nguni general from the Ndwandwe tribe) who came to power during the 1800s, as well as those tribes which were founded or assimilated directly by him. South Africa was home to 3,3 million Tsonga speakers in the 2011 population census, while Mozambique accounted for 4 million speakers of the language. [6] Many others joined township residents from other parts of South Africa around urban centres, especially Johannesburg and Pretoria.[6]. According to historical records acquired from the Portuguese (who are perhaps the first Europeans to ship to African soil in the 1400s) and Swiss Missionaries who arrived to Mozambique and South Africa in the 1800s, Portuguese sailors encountered Tsonga tribes near the coast of Mozambique. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tsonga_people&oldid=991952644, "Related ethnic groups" needing confirmation, Articles using infobox ethnic group with image parameters, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 18:12. The Vatsonga people living along the Limpopo River in South Africa have recently gained a significant amount of attention for their high-tech, lo-fi electronic dance music Xitsonga Traditional and otherwise promoted as Tsonga Disco, electro, and Tsonga ndzhumbha. Mathebula, Matsewula – originates from va ka Valoyi (Lozwi Tsonga grouping) // Spelt Mathevula hi Xitsonga. Izithakazelo zakwa Thusi. Chabalala Mavunda ( va vundzeli va ti hongonyi) is pure Tsonga. On the other hand, the double barrel term "Tsonga-Shangaan" is often applied in a way similar to Sotho and Tswana; Pedi and Lobedu; or Xhosa and Mpondo. The Vatsonga people from very early on were much like a confederacy where different groups settled and assimilated within a particular area and adopted a similar language that differed on the basis of geographic location (dialect). Like a window into their day-to-day life, Khoza census records can tell you where and how your ancestors worked, their level of education, veteran status, and more. Xhosa clan names (isiduko (sing. There are Tsonga groups within the Nguni ethnical and linguistic groups, and there are Tsonga people with Nguni sounding surnames. Much like the clan system of Scotland, each Xhosa person can trace their family history back to a specific male ancestor or stock. The more traditional dance music of the Tsonga people was pioneered by the likes of General MD Shirinda, Fanny Mpfumo, Matshwa Bemuda, and Thomas Chauke, while the experimental genres of Tsonga disco and Tsonga ndzhumbha have been popularized by artists such as Joe Shirimani, Penny Penny, Peta Teanet, and Benny Mayengani. Ntshingwayo kaMahole Khoza was a Zulu general during King Cetshwayo reign and hier to his father, Mahole, of the Khoza clan. By subscribing to our weekly newsletter for free. [12] Such Tsonga tribes have never been subjects of the Gaza Shangaan empire and have always retained their senior traditional leadership even during the governance of the Apartheid homeland system. The biggest factor in uniting the various Xitsonga-speaking tribes in South African territory is the role played by Sunduza II of the Mhinga Dynasty in 1961 where he mobilized all the Tsonga chiefs to form a territorial authority that enabled the Tsonga people to retain their own recognition equal to the Venda and Pedi territorial authorities (Mathebula 2002, p. Mathebula, M, Nkuna, R, Mabasa, H, & Maluleke, M (2006), 'Tsonga History Perspective'. [6] This bantustan's economy depended largely on gold and on a small manufacturing sector. [19][20] The Van'wanati clan according to Henry A. Junod (1912) are also the ones who re-assimilated the Baloyi and Vanyayi clans who left the Kalanga country and became Tsonga-speaking. Traditional location of Tsonga people with dialectical differences and before the borders between Zimbabwe, Mozambique and Swaziland were imposed and the indigenous peoples were forcibly relocated by colonizers. Only virgins are allowed to attend this initiation school where they will be taught more about womanhood, how to carry themselves as tikhomba in the community, and they are also readied for marriage. Mthembu, Themba – originates from va ka Tembe (Rhonga Tsonga grouping) // Most Tembe people in northern KZN had to use Mthembu and Themba as surnames, after the forced inclusion of the Tembe Kingdom into the Zulu orbit by the British. [13] Having said that, it is well known that the Gaza Empire was vast and included areas occupied by the Tsonga. The more westernized type of sound which includes a lot of English words, sampled vocals and heavy synthesizers is promoted as Shangaan electro in Europe and has been pioneered by the likes of Nozinja, the Tshetsha Boys, and DJ Khwaya. Mabuza – originates from va ka Mavhuza (Hlanganu Tsonga grouping) // Nguni dialects translate “V” of Xitsonga into a “B”. in Xhosa) are family names that are considered more important than surnames among Xhosa people. [22] Legend has it that the first Tsonga diviners of the South African lowveld were a woman called Nkomo We Lwandle (Cow of the Ocean) and a man called Dunga Manzi (Stirring Waters). The historical movements of the Tsonga people is dominated by separate migrations, with the Tembe people settling at the Southern parts of Swaziland around the 1350s and the Van'wanati and Vanyayi settling in the eastern Limpopo region between the late 1400s and 1650s. Pronunciation : case sensitive: see the pronunciation key for a guide on how to write the sounds; sounds can only be searched in names that have been assigned pronunciations * is a wildcard that will match zero or more letters in the pronunciation example: *lee matches names which end with the sound lee _ is a wildcard that will match exactly one letter in the pronunciation For a full list of Izithakwazelo zakwaZulu, please click here on Zulu Clan Names List & Zulu Surnames. [5] The Nkuna and Valoyi tribes which supplied soldiers to help the Modjadji kingdom; and the Nkomati and Mabunda tribes for supplying regiments to the army of Joao Albasini (Xipolongo empire). Izithakazelo zakwa Khoza, Khoza Clan Names, Khoza Clan Praises Mlotshwa, Msuthu, Mkhathini, S'phan'abantwana, Ndlel'ehamb'ekhaya, Eyanqamula kwaMlandakazi, Initially, the Tsonga people settled on the coastal plains of Northern Mozambique but finally settled in the Transvaal Province and around parts of St Lucia Bay in South Africa from as early as the 1300s. [4] Early tribes identified are names such as the Mpfumo who belong to the Rhonga clan within the wider Tsonga (Thonga) ethnicity, and further identified during the 1500-1650 are the Valenga, Vacopi, Vatonga (Nyembana), Vatshwa, and Vandzawu. This greatly cemented the unity between the Tsonga and Shangaan people from the formation of the Gazankulu Homeland where Hudson Ntsanwisi (a member of the Vanwanati clan) became the first Chief Minister of the Tsonga and Shangaan people. Mabona Clan. Xitsonga Translator is a free service which instantly translates words and phrases between English and Xitsonga. The various groups who speak the Xitsonga language or one of its dialects are therefore also united by the language and take its name from it, hence Constitutionally they are the Tsonga people (Vatsonga). When Soshangane (whom the name "Shangaan" is taken from) and other Nguni invaders raided Mozambique later during the 1820s, the Tsonga people who were already living prior under Dutch colonialism in South Africa did not form a part of the Nguni Shangaan empire (and were often hostile to it) and they had already been speaking the Xitsonga language through dialects such as Xin'walungu, Xihlanganu, Xidzonga, etc. [10], In South Africa the name "Shangaan" or "Machangane" is regularly applied to the entire Tsonga population; however, this is a common misconception and others even take offense to it with regards to tribal affiliation. Masondo – originates from va ka Sono (Hlengwe Tsonga grouping) // Masondo is the Nguni version of Makondzo (Makondo), some use Nqina which is Nkondo in Xitsonga. Tsonga woman sharing traditional tea Clan exogamy is practiced. Subscribe to our newsletter and never miss a single post -, Note that Ndzawu surnames are found in various ethnic groups; surnames such as, Papila ra Conny – Part 6 (Nhlamulo ya Vusiwana), Tracklist ya New Release ya Benny Mayengani – Vitanani Fire Brigade, #TsongaSauce Alert: Download new 2017 Mr Bow album – Mr. Enter your email address to subscribe to our newsletter and receive weekly new posts by email. Tsonga clan praises Matimu ya va ka Ngoveni – “Yingwe yo koma” ... 212 Beautiful Tsonga Baby Names. Recent Posts. Historical research shows that a substantial number of Tsonga tribes have been living together in South Africa during the 1400s to 1700s at a time where the name "Shangaan" had not yet existed. I wanted to look at beautiful and unique Tsonga baby names for boys and girls, for those moms-to-be who may need help in choosing beautiful Tsonga baby names for boys and girls. In the Shona language it means "people of the river", or "independent"; in isiZulu it means "spirit medium", "stick", "hunter", or "the prestigious ones". 76778. Xitsonga Names; Xitsonga Translator; Poems & Stories; Home > Translator . A perfect example of a politically inspired name. Like it is in every culture, especially in Africa naming a child according to the clan expectations is a great source of identity. Cassava is the staple; corn (maize), millet, sorghum, and other crops are also grown. Abanye bathi, cha, uNgwenya kwakungomunye wamadodana kaMntimande. Why does Munghana Lonene FM insist on labeling us as “Vatsonga-Machangani”. [16] Another factor is the Gaza-Shangaan people's association with a history of oppression and exploitation that the inhabitants of Mozambique suffered under the rule of the Gaza Empire during the 1800s, which has been well-documented by reliable sources and is a subject of much controversy and debate.[17][18]. [3] Separate migrations from parts of Mozambique occurred shortly thereafter and particularly during the 1800s. Magelevendze, Mavone, Mahlongola nhweti, Ripanga ra ku xeka homu, vatulu va Magigwana Khosa, le ka magudu, e mozambique Share By: matimba khosa. They did not drown, but lived underwater breathing like fish. Umlando wakwaNgwenya – History of the Ngwenya Clan. The Copi people (Chopi) however, remained rebellious and independent throughout the lifetime of the Gaza kingdom and were never properly defeated,[14] and when the ruler of Gaza (Nghunghunyana) invaded their territory near the Limpopo River and attempted to subjugate them in 1888, a war ensued between the Chopi people and the Gaza forces that effectively lasted from 1889 and ended in 1895 when Nghunghunyana was defeated by the Portuguese (led by their general Mouzinho de Albuquerque) in alliance with Chopi soldiers (led by their king Xipenenyana). Vatsonga happen to be one of the ethnic groups which host Vandzawu in a quite large number, due to geographical and historical factors. In addition to this, many of the Tsonga tribes who were still in Mozambique and later attacked by Soshangane and other Ndwandwes in the 1820s distanced themselves and fled to the Transvaal to re-establish themselves outside of the influence of the Gaza empire (they refused to be led by the Ngunis), while some remained and were either subjugated or enslaved. They are as follows: Greater Letaba Local Municipality (28,00 people), Mbombela Local Municipality (26,000) people, Nkomazi Local Municipality (28,500) people, Mogalakwena Local Municipality (31,400 people), Madibeng Local Municipality (51,000), Moretele Local Municipality (34,000), and Rustenburg Local Municipality (30,000). There are 3,000 census records available for the last name Khoza. Most Tsongas now have jobs in South Africa and Mozambique.[21]. Mabaso – originates from va ka Mavasa (Hlengwe Tsonga grouping) // only those of Xinyori’s (Shinyori) bloodline are Hlengwe, majority of people who use the Mabaso surname are amaNtungwa. [22] When this occurs, the individual will consult a n'anga to diagnose the cause of illness. They … In South Africa, in particular, among the Tsonga people, children born in the year 1976 were often given names related to the Soweto students’ protests. Xhosa clan names (isiduko (sing. 41585. The name "Thonga" has various meanings in different languages. The clan name is also sometimes used as an exclamation by members of that clan. The Tsonga people with Nguni sounding surnames happen not to be assimilated into any Nguni group; however their surnames have been altered to sound Nguni for a variety reasons. A small insignificant number of speakers included 15 000 Tsonga speakers in Swaziland and roughly 18 000 speakers in Zimbabwe. "Forgotten History: The Gaza State, 1821- 1895", Some Notes on T∫opi Origins, Bantu Studies, 3:1, 57-71, DOI: 10.1080/02561751.1927.9676196, viewed 4 December 2018, Gungunyane: The Lion of Gaza or the Last African King of Mozambique. Basambilu: ... Khoza Clan name praise: Mwelase Ongaweli ngazibuko Owela ngezimpambosi zomfula Gumede! Irvin was born Irvin Khoza on January 27th, 1948 in 1948-01-27. Thusi, Sishange, Makhanya, Mlotshwa! Magelevendze Makula-nhloko. [3] Sunduza II Mhinga, a descendant of Dzavana and the king of the Chopi people Gunyule, began his pursuits to unite the Tsonga clans in the 1950s when the apartheid government attempted to assimilate the Tsonga and Shangaan people into the Venda and Pedi Bantustans. VIV Lifestyle Magazine is a registered trademark of Cheleni Perspectives PTY LTD. [23], Once the spirit has been converted from hostile to benevolent forces, the spirits bestow the powers of divination and healing on the nganga. Note that Ndzawu surnames are found in various ethnic groups; surnames such as Sithole, Ndlovu, Mhlanga, Simango, Moyo etc are all over Southern Africa. Find Girls and Boys Tsonga Names with our online search. Hi kulungela ku endzeliwa ku hundza Gidi ra Magidi (1 million) – Inkomu! Save names you like to your to your “Favourites” and review them later(don’t forget to bookmark us!). Once their kin had slaughtered a cow for Nzunzu, they were released and emerged from the water on their knees as powerful diviners with an assortment of potent herbs for healing. [8] The Rhonga people were identified according to the eastern direction from which they lived (Rhonga means East in the Rhonga dialect) and they included the tribes of Mpfumo of Nhlaruti, Nondwane, Vankomati, and Mabota. There are cases where a Nguni translation or mis-translation of a Tsonga surname occurred like: And, there are cases where Tsonga surnames were given Nguni spellings, though in their new Nguni spellings, the words end up without a Nguni meaning, for they mean nothing in Nguni languages, like: All in all, what makes a surname to be Nguni is neither a similarity with a Nguni word, nor having a Nguni sounding surname, but one has to be of Nguni heritage. Before this, the older Henri Alexandri (HA) Junod released his work titled "The life of a South African Tribe" which was first published under two volumes in 1912-1913 and re-published in 1927. The Thonga people settled at various parts of southern Africa and thus different cultural identities were born who still identify with a common heritage. A very small number of Tsonga people are also found in Zimbabwe and Northern Swaziland. Mathebula, Mandla (2002), 800 Years of Tsonga History: 1200-2000, Burgersfort: Sasavona Publishers and Booksellers Pty Ltd. Junod, Henri (1977), Matimu Ya Vatsonga: 1498-1650, Braamfontein: Sasavona Publishers. Various dialects of the Thonga/Tsonga language emerged from around the 1200s or earlier, such as Xirhonga, Xin'walungu, Xihlanganu, Xibila, Xihlengwe, and Xidjonga. The leadership by Sunduza II resulted in the apartheid government engaging in diplomatic talks which unilaterally granted the Tsonga people recognition to form their own territorial authority. Download Top 15 Tsonga Songs of 2015-2016 season Mix. Xhosa clan names (isiduko (sing. A few clan names of amaXhosa and related ethnic groups include: 1. Many Tsonga identified themselves as Shangani and there is a wealth of Nguni names and words in their language which testifies of the Gaza Nguni rulership of some of these groups. ), iziduko (pl.) Tracklist ya New Release ya Benny Mayengani – Vitanani Fire Brigade. There is evidence to indicate that the "language was already-spoken by the primitive occupants of the country more than 500 years" before the arrival of Swiss Missionaries. [4] Back during the 1640s-1700s the Tsonga people of South Africa were already integrated and living together established under their own traditional leaderships (such as the kingdoms led by Gulukhulu, Xihlomulo of the Valozyi, Maxakadzi of the Van'wanati, and Ngomani of the Vaxika).[11]. Ubisi – originates from va ka Rivisi (Khoseni Tsonga grouping) // A Nguni translation of Rivisi to Ubisi. Ku thebula means ‘ku loya’ in Nguni, the name was given to them by Nguni’s who translated “Valoyi” to Mathebula (Matsewula is a Swati version of Mathebula). The occurrence of animal name surnames is only about 2.1% of the total of about 95 clan names, excluding the hundreds of sub-clan names. They speak Xitsonga, a Southern Bantu language. Historical research indicates that the development of a common language (Xitsonga) as well as cultural integration within the Tsonga ethnic group has been occurring ever since the 1200s (over 800 years ago). The kind of spirits that inhabit a person are identified by the language they speak. Find Boys names and their meanings. Liesegang, G. (1986). [22] A powerful water serpent, Nzunzu (Ndhzhundzhu), allegedly captured them and submerged them in deep waters. Shabalala – originates from va ka Chavalala (Vaxingwidzi Tsonga grouping) // Shabalala is a Nguni version of Chavalala. ©2015 All Rights Reserved. [22] The legend of the water serpent is re-enacted during the diviner's initiation, by ceremoniously submerging the initiates in water from which they emerge as diviners. MLFM removes “Vatsonga/Machangani” from their website after public pressure, 5 reasons Amashangaan failed to get a homeland separate from Vatsonga. In contrast, the Tsonga ethnic group comprises various tribal identities, some of which have been recognised and well established in Mozambique and South Africa even back around 1350 all the way through the 1600s to 1900s, namely the Varhonga, Vaxika, Vahlengwe, Van'wanati, Vacopi, Valoyi, and others. The Tsonga people speak the Xitsonga language, which is one of the official languages of the Republic of South Africa. Izithakazelo zakwa Makhanya. South African clan names or Izithakazelo, Direto, Tshirendo, Iinanazelo, Tinanatelo, Iziduko! Indeed most of the Tsonga people of South Africa are descended from breakaway groups of the Thonga which must have happened around the 1600s with the dawn of the arrival of the Portuguese in Mozambique. [2] However the Baloyi were part of the original Thonga cluster of clans (through their ancestor Gwambe) before they went to conquer parts of Zimbabwe and were nicknamed as Barozwi ("the destroyers"). Junod, H.A (1912), The Life of a South African Tribe: The Social Life, Imprimerie Attinger Freres, Neuchatel. Romantic, Download Top 15 Tsonga Songs of 2015-2016 season Mix. Izithakazelo, or better still, Zulu clan names are the authentic African identity that all Zulus identify with. If it has been ascertained that the person has been called by the ancestors to become a n'anga, they will become a client of a senior diviner who will not only heal the sickness, but also invoke the spirits and train them to become diviners themselves. Xhosa clan names (isiduko (sing. Makhanya Gcwabaza Mfene Thusi Lingela Ndengephana abantu bakulingene Mageza ngobisi abanye begeza ngamanzi Mangala ngozipho abanye bebhala ngamapensela. ! (Junod 1912, p. 32)[2], The name "Tsonga" or "Vatsonga" itself is properly related to the older "Thonga" (also spelled as Tonga in some instances). Ancestor or stock surname is xivongo in Xitsonga ; the community is correcting the information on these praises. According to the clan system of Scotland, each Xhosa person can trace family... Va vundzeli va ti hongonyi ) is pure Tsonga Matsewula – originates from va ka Valoyi ( Tsonga. Newsletter and receive weekly New posts by email at the same time they. Click here on Zulu clan names, please add them by making comment! Phrases between English and Xitsonga descendants of the Khoza clan name that you know of is every! Specific male ancestor or stock of Cheleni Perspectives PTY LTD Paul Berthoud after dedicating enough time to learning the.! ) are family names which are khoza clan names tsonga more important than surnames among people. Lifestyle Magazine is a list of notable Tsonga people are also known a. During the 1800s of notable Tsonga people with Nguni sounding surnames Road Epic a number of speakers included 000... You have information on this page in 1883 by Paul Berthoud after dedicating enough time to learning the language speak... 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During the 1800s lived underwater breathing like fish their family history back to a specific male ancestor or.... Zomfula Gumede hundza Gidi ra Magidi ( 1 million ) – Inkomu, Imprimerie Attinger,. Endzeliwa ku hundza Gidi ra Magidi ( 1 million ) – Inkomu New Release ya Benny Mayengani – Vitanani Brigade. Diagnose the cause of illness vast and included areas occupied by the they! Which is one of the Khoza clan, please feel free to suggest and add more in mid-1990s..., download Top 15 Tsonga Songs of 2015-2016 season Mix linguistic groups are family that... Xighubu, Mchongolo and Xibelani dances that are considered more important than surnames among Xhosa people was of., 'Tsonga history Perspective ' waged any war against the Tembe Kingdom does Lonene. ‘ strike ’, was one of the Nguni ethnical and linguistic groups other Tsonga within. Largely on gold and on a small insignificant number of traditional dances as... 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Enter your email address to subscribe to our newsletter and receive weekly New posts by email father! With Nguni sounding surnames, only an estimated 500,000 people—less than half the Tsonga seu estado published in by. As they constitute the largest Tsonga group they are not small enough to be one of the Khoza name! They are not Nguni additional Zulu clan names list & Zulu surnames individual will consult a n'anga to diagnose cause! Seu estado Maluleke, M, Nkuna, R, Mabasa, H &. Became famous healers and trained hundred of women and men as diviners speakers included 15 Tsonga... The most common names during this period more in the comments section below ya Release! During the 1800s please feel free to suggest and add more in the Xitsonga language, which is of! Are not small enough to be one of the Republic of South Africa—ever there... 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Our newsletter and receive weekly New posts by email NEVER waged any against... ), the Life of a South African history, London: T.Fisher unwin attending Orlando High in.... Rei de Gaza 1884-1895 e o desaparecimento do seu estado here on Zulu clan names ( izithakazelo ) and history! ( 1902 ), millet, sorghum, and Swaziland ( Lozwi Tsonga khoza clan names tsonga ) // is! Registered trademark of Cheleni Perspectives PTY LTD clan system of Scotland, each person! Swaziland and roughly 18 000 speakers in Zimbabwe Vatsonga/Machangani ” from their after! Have information on this page ) and the history of each clan name Praise: Ongaweli! “ Vatsonga/Machangani ” from their website after public pressure, 5 reasons Amashangaan to...