The story or rather the love story of Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan became the talk of the world and is … Mumtaz begum died in 1631 after giving birth to the 14 th child. She was born in 1593 to Asaf Khan in Agra into a family of Persian nobility. Near By Land Mark – City Amphitheater, Children’s Museum. It took 20,000 workers and 1,000 elephants nearly 20 years to complete this monument-the Taj Mahal. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Though they were engaged at a tender age of 13 (Mumtaz Mahal) and 15 years (Shah Jahan), they married only after 5 years. Born January 5, 1592 in Lahore, he died on January 22, 1666 in Agra at the age of 74 years. Death: 17 June 1631. At the time of Mumtaz's death seven children were alive. 2601, Al Qurum. Biographie. Diwanji Begum had many children famous among them was Shaista Khan who was a commander of Aurangzeb army, who was attacked by Shivaji and lost his fingers in the fight. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The Taj Mahal is a story of exemplary love, passion and architecture so much so that it has even legendary folktales associated with it. After bearing him 14 children, Mumtaz died, leaving the Shah Jahan devastated. Shah Jahān acceded the throne in 1628 and conferred on Arjumand the title of Mumtāz Maḥall (“Chosen One of the Palace”). Inspiration and History of the Taj Mahal: The Taj Mahal was inspired by a great love story between Shah Jahan, a Mughal emperor, and his second wife, Mumtaz Mahal. Ain-i-Akbari gives another name of Mumtaz, Taj Bibi. Location. Place of Birth: Agra, India. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Mumtaz was a Muslim and fell in love with and married her cousin, Shah Jahan , later to be the Mughal emperor on May 10 , … The intervening years had seen Khurrum take two other wives. Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Mumtaz and her husband had fourteen children, including Jahanara Begum (Shah Jahan's favourite daughter), and the Crown prince Dara Shikoh, the heir-apparent, anointed by his father, who temporarily succeeded him, until deposed by Mumtaz Mahal's sixth child, Aurangzeb, who ultimately succeeded his father as the sixth Mughal emperor in 1658. Mumtaz Mahal died on June 17, 1631 in Burhanpur in the Deccan (now in Madhya Pradesh) during the birth of their fourteenth child, a daughter named Gauhara Begum. As the Taj Mahal needed to be befitting of Mumtaz Mahal’s presence, every detail was meticulously executed. Arjumand was betrothed to Prince Khurram (the pre-regnal name of Shah Jahān) in 1607, but it was not until 1612—the date chosen by the court astrologers—that they were permitted to marry. Mumtaz Mahal, whose name means ‘the Exalted One of the palace’, was originally known as Arjumand Banu Begum. Mumtaz Mahal children : Mumtaz Mahal had 14 children in total and the ones who lived are following Jahanara Begum: 23rd March 1614 – 16th September 1681 Mumahammad Dara Sikoh: 20th March 1615 -30th August 1659 (killed by Aurangzeb) Shah Shuja: 26th June 1616 Death date not known (Disappeared while running away from Aurangzeb army)… The Queen Mumtaz Mahal’s personal fortune valued at 10,000,000 rupees was divided by Shah Jahan between Jahanara Begum, who received half and the rest of her surviving children. The awesome structure, the monument of love that Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan gave to the world, stands as a testimony of his intense love for his wife Mumtaz Mahal. 80, Way No. Mumtaz Mahal Restaurant LLC, Post Box Office 1142, Postal Code 114, Muttrah, Sultanate of Oman. In 1631, Shah Jahan was three years into his reign and fighting against a rebellion led by Khan Jahan Lodi. His mother was Princess Nûr Jahân, a woman who had taken power over her husband during the last years of his reign, at a time when he had fallen into the grip of drugs. Even though he was the fifth child of Jahangir, Shah Jahan made his presence felt with his superior fighting skills and training. Biography The early years. The Taj Mahal, a spectacle in white marble, unparalleled in grandeur that depicts the sheer opulence of an era. Though she did not assert authority to the extent her aunt had done, she used her position to promote humanitarian programs for the needy. From overcoming oppression, to breaking rules, to reimagining the world or waging a rebellion, these women of history have a story to tell. The Empress Mumtaz Mahal's own fortune was estimated to be R. 10,000,000 and was divided by ShahJahan between Jahanara Begum, who got half, and the remaining half equally divided among her surviving children. Mumtaz Mahal passed away at Burhanpur, in 1631, while giving birth to a child. The latter, falling under the spell of its beauty, was quickly engaged in 1607. She was the daughter of Abdul Hasan Asaf Khan. She was born in Agra in 1593 and met the future young Mughal emperor while he was still Prince Khurram. Mumtaz Mahal was born Arjumand Banu Begum, she became the wife of the 5th Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. 2601, Al Qurum. Empress Jodha Bai – Chief Consort of Jehangir, Jehangir and Khurram : Immense love turned to hatred, Father-son stages of life an analysis- Akbar and Salim, Akbar Salim Shah Jahan : The rebellious sons, Adham Khan death and a sons tribute to his foster father, Akbar’s letter to King of Spain for religious tolerance, Myth of emperor akbar banning mughal princess marriages, The cost of saving an emperor’s child’s life-Freedom of India, Battle of Haldighati : Shakti Singh on trial, Maharani Rukmavati Lalji Baisa – Youngest chief wife of Akbar, Jehangir: The poorest man in Mughal Empire, Ashrafi Mahal ka kissa- Jahangir Nur Jahan chronicles, Mughal love story Lal Kunwar – Jahandar Shah, Ranadil – An orphan princess who dared to take on the mighty Aurangzeb, Khusrau Mirza – A prince who accepted death for love, Daulat Shad – Akbar : An emperors love obsession, Dara Sikoh poisoned by Aurangzeb- The deadly lunch, Dara Sukoh and Aurangzeb: An elder brother’s love and an younger brother’s hatred, Dara Sukoh and Aurangzeb – Sibling Rivalry that destroyed the Mughal Empire, How Mughal custom of cook who cooked food had to eat it first before the emperor started, A father decieved by son-Shah Jahan’s confinment, Women Status in Harem – Mughal Period Part II, Women Status in Harem – Mughal Period Part I, Indian Scholars and Travellers on Jahangir, The oldest yoga book : Commissioned by Prince Salim, Maharani Rukmavati Lalji Baisa – chief wife of Akbar. 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