It was very useful for me. Affordable & high-end wood stoves, gas stoves, pellet stoves, & more. Don’t worry about cleaning out ash too thoroughly - the ash provides some insulation at the base of the fire and helps establish a strong burn. Thank you for sharing with us, I too always learn something new from your post. I'm happy I found this blog. The first is known as an air-cooled chimney system. Lift out the cooking grid and empty the chimney starter full of lit charcoal in the tray. Generally wood needs to be seasoned (covered from the rain, raised off the ground, well ventilated - not wrapped up - and preferably in sunshine rather than shade) for two summers. Keeping the door open allows too much cool air into the fire and will quickly dampen down the fire. On just a few occasions I used it to clean the front of the glass but, where it dripped down the pane to the cast iron surround, it immediately removed the black finish that Morso use on their stoves. My experience with wood suppliers is that you need to try a few and compare how their wood burns (preferably check how dry it is with a moisture meter - see chainsawjournal.com link: HOME / BLOG / FIREWOOD MOISTURE METER | BUYING GUIDE) Hope that helps. Continue to add logs at intervals while you still have a substantial amount of hot glowing ‘coals’ , and while the fire can be easily revived. Stove manufacturer's owners manuals should be checked for possible reductions. You may be surprised to find this actually increases the heat from your fire despite the reduced air flow and a less fierce burn. Flames seem to ‘float’ gently in the air, as opposed to a fierce burn. I have never even thought of getting any use of it, but this winter this might change thanks to your post. Can I make a claim for problems with my cavity wall insulation? There is also a thermosat in the system which opens and closes according the coolent temps. I almost fill the firebox with paper - we generally have a surplus of paper from non-glossy junk mail and office/school waste so I don’t need to be sparing. If it’s windy, it is almost impossible to get an overnight burn. The ceiling vent changes how heat behaves inside the oven. There is a pressurized cap that will vent if the tempertures get to hot and the system begins to boil over. Merry Christmas from the YouGen team! #MerryChristmas https://t.co/qhMegeUlOeyesterday. Wood needs an air supply from above to burn effectively, so the secondary air vent does this. Close the ceiling If you’re burning square-section/ flat-faced (waste) wood, rather than logs, it is especially important to leave gaps. To get the most out of your wood gather the glowing coals together from time-to-time. if so, how often? As our guest blogger this week, Andrew shares with us his tips on efficient wood burning techniques in the home. When burning gas logs in a wood burning fireplace, the glass doors should always be fully open. This makes them inefficient sources of heat. 99% of the time your fireplace doors should be OPEN when you are burning a fire. It is affected by the weather. As you gain experience with your own fire you will learn to judge the best times to turn down the vents. Works a treat. Once the fire is established, close the door and then close down the bottom air vent gradually. Open the door slowly to prevent a blast of fresh air from rushing into the stove and creating smoke. Burning wood while using airwash. After that close the damper as much as you can without filling the room with smoke. Replace the cooking grid and close the lid. Closed (horizontal position): This dampens flame and pulls less air through the flames and will reduce the output and temperature. Don't shut them completely, the fire needs some air to burn. If the top damper is open a lot of heat is going up the chimney. They are available in pellet burning, electric models, as well as wood burning. Wood burning appliance venting is broken into two primary categories. I'm guessing from your website name you have a ready supply of wood for your stove? If the primary air controls can provide all this air, then one close the door early. Oxygen is a key element in healthy-burning fires. By opening the wood stove damper, it allows air to get into the chimney so the fire can start. If necessary re-position your logs in the fire to maintain 1-2cm distance between them. On a vehicle, the cooling system is closed. Once the fire is burning shut the bottom vents. Don’t add too many at one time, or you may quench the fire. Allowing your fireplace doors to remain open will promote better airflow. Wood-burners gain their efficiency from regulating the air-flow, as opposed to open fires which allow uncontrolled, excess air flow, meaning heat is wasted going up the flue. Stove with integral air vent (the silver pipe) The biggest issue is getting a good amount of at least decent wood - it's not an easy task when you're living in a centre of a big city. The purpose of venting systems for wood-burning fireplaces and wood stoves seems similar. If the lower vents are open you are burning a lot of wood. For stoves that are installed in a corner, the same requirement, 36" straight line from the stove to the wall, applies. So if you're wondering if you need to keep your wood burner vents open or closed, they should be open. The way I see it the bottom vents will control air flow to the burner, and also to the chips I think you want to choke the air supply to … If you have a question about anything in the above blog, please ask it in the comments section below. If you are burning wood, you can close the primary (bottom) vent completely once the stove is lit properly. Ecover) works well, but NOT while the glass is hot - risk of fracturing the glass. You should be able to see an … Now picture your wood boiler as the engine and the cooling system as your radiant heating system. The air-flow into the fire is not noisy (air vents only open small amount). (This can be messy and pure wood burners do not have ash pans.) A large amount of paper not only lights the kindling quickly but also rapidly warms the flue, creating an up-draught which powers the fire.If you have greasy/oily pans after cooking wipe them with kitchen towel and save them for the fire - they work as excellent fire-lighters. Keep up to date with our free monthly newsletter. This slows the burn, your wood last longer, while not wasting too much heat up the flue or drawing too much cold (replacement) air into your house, so you get the best heat output from your wood. Rescue the bits of charcoal from your ash - it’s great kindling. Ideally check with a moisture gauge. Not only is it capable of burning compressed wood pellets, it can also burn corn, soy beans, cherry pits, olive pits, bio mass fuel grains, and processed silage with just a few simple adjustments. Close the doors and vents to extinguish a … Do I need to get my chimney swept for a wood burner? Start to close your top vent too if your fire continues to burn well, further improving the efficiency of your fire. The main reason is saftey, an open system is not presurized and therefore can not explode if improperly installed. The Ashley Hearth Products AW1120E-P is a beautiful air tight plate steel wood burning stove with nickel-pewter trim that accents a charcoal black finish. Thanks. In new build properties, or properties likely to be as airtight as such a property, there MUST be a PERMANENTLY OPEN air vent within the room (venting to outside). If so open the vents fully and get it refilled with easy to burn wood to get it going. In the summer, an open fireplace damper is like an open door. Well, today we shall focus on wood-burning fireplaces, which are considered more economical. Thanks for the nice blog. Yes maj5678, generally guidance is to sweep your flue annually. So why would you want an open system? The vents in most wood-burners are positioned to encourage an air-flow from top front, down the inside surface of the door (helping keep the glass clean), then along the floor of the fire, front to back, then up the back wall of the fire, then along the top of the firebox towards the front of the fire and up the flue. On initially lighting, it can be an advantage to crack the door open slightly to provide additional air flow through the firebox. If you find that this starts to cause your fire to die down then re-open the vent sufficient to sustain the burn. Shop our huge selection of premium wood stoves & furnaces from the top brands in the industry! Once the paper is burning strongly (usually after just a few seconds) fasten the door closed, ensuring the top and bottom vents are fully open first (the fire will die down almost instantly if you have left the vents closed). Better for your drains too! So in a nut shell, you can run a boiler hotter under pressure than you can an open system. They are very similar in design. Crack the door before opening: When you first crack the door of your stove, the airflow inside your … While you still have flames from your wood (as opposed to just hot glowing ‘coals’) leave the top vent partly open to avoid sooting up the glass. Once the engine is warm, the thermosat opens and coolent flows through the system, regulating the tempertures to the engine so it runs at optimum temps. If you keep the damper open, the fire will build and the smoke and soot will vent through your chimney. You don't want to leave your wood stove damper fully open, though, because then the … If it’s open, heat escapes straight up the chimney. The rest of the stove is nearly as prisine as when I got it twenty years ago. The primary air vent is used for the initial lighting of the stove, and this is then closed if burning wood only as wood does not require air from underneath the fuel to burn. Turn them counterclockwise to open them. In a short time (a minute or two) the kindling will be burning strongly. Wood burning stoves have air vents that have been specifically designed in every model to allow for a regulated control of air flow into the fire. It is secured to the elbow with metallic heating & air duct tape. Regardless of the brand, each fireplace is designed with a unique venting system. My stove does not have this capability. Once the fire is well-established (probably in about 10 minutes) and giving out substantial heat (you feel the warmth on your face from arms length) start to close the bottom vent a little at a time. The American harvest 6041 is Mobile Home approved (with use of Fresh Air Kit) and is extremely easy to install. The resulting draft will burn wood and coals as quickly as possible. The easiest way to explain this is to compare a boiler system to a vehicle cooling system. and greenest, way is to dampen a cloth or kitchen towel, dab it into the ash in the fire and use the resulting paste to clean the glass. These vent air straight from the stove box to the outside air, so you don’t have to worry about positioning one in your room. With a log burner, you will then close the bottom vent and leave the top vent open. Review your user-guide instructions from time-to-time especially with regard to maintenance (cleaning, inspecting for gaps/cracks, renewing seals, having the flue swept annually). When you won’t need the fire to keep burning much longer (you’re going to bed / going out) - let the fire burn down till you just have glowing ‘coals’ (no flames) then shut down the vents almost completely (if you have a DEFRA-approved stove the vents can be fully closed because there will be some small vents that are constantly open). However be careful not to block your flue with paper!Add your kindling sticks on top and stand some on end at the front of the fire. However, choosing the best zero-clearance wood burning fireplace is not a walk in the park. This results in a dull blaze with little heat output. After so long without use it's important that you have your chimney swept particularly to ensure it is not blocked (by birds nest, fall of soot or other debris) before you light your stove. If burning fuels other than wood, you will require the primary air vent to be open at least half way during the burning process. there is no hissing noise when you open the door of the stove (this is the noise of moisture being boiled off showing that your wood is not sufficiently seasoned). Light the paper at the base and push the door to straight away, without fastening it closed, to create a turbulent flow of air into the fire which helps the fire spread to all the paper quickly. When lighting your stove, open both air vents fully. Thanks for the comment, Ian, it's great for others to share their experiences. On the issue of how long to keep the door open when lighting the stove, this does depend on a number of factors. We promise we'll never sell or share your information. Don’t fold, twist or roll the paper because this excludes air and will result in a slow, smoky burn, which won’t get your kindling burning. Normally with combustion appliances, one uses more excess air during start up than when the appliance is at its normal operating temperature as this tends to give the cleanest combustion. These wall protection measurements can be reduced with the proper wall protection. Please select the newsletters you would like to receive. Open the grill’s top and bottom vents all the way; move the lower vent's handle all the way to the left and rotate the lid's vent cover clockwise until the holes aren't obstructed. If you haven't already registered, please sign up as a company or an individual, then come back and have your say. In the off chance you have: ceramic glass doors, a masonry fireplace, and do not care about any heat coming into your room – then it is OK to burn a fire with your glass doors closed. I'm a proud owner of an old stove, which has been sitting in the front room for decades. While doing this minimise the time the door is open. In time you will be able to fully close the bottom vent. Hi. You’ll pay $3,500 to $8,000 or more, depending on fireplace quality and the amount of remodelin… © National Energy Foundation, Registered Charity No. Once the paper is burning strongly (usually after just a few seconds) fasten the door closed, ensuring the top and bottom vents are fully open first (the fire will die down almost instantly if you have left the vents closed). Works great! In a short time (a minute or two) the kindling will be burning strongly. so my timings can only be an approximate guide for others, even if they have the same model of stove. Go outside and look - no smoke from your chimney! Overnight burning is difficult. Hard wood is preferable - soft wood burns more quickly so the fire needs re-filling frequently (but I wouldn’t throw it away! Vented sets require the chimney damper to stay open at all times to prevent the buildup of harmful combustion by-products, so almost all of the heat produced is lost through the chimney. In many places it is a crime to mess with a pressurized boiler system if your not properly licensed to do so. The Classic Edge Titanium 360, 560 and 760 HDX outdoor wood furnaces are the most efficient outdoor wood furnace that meets the stringent EPA 2020 Step 2 Certified requirements. There is also a thermosat in the system which opens and closes according the coolent temps. THE BEST OUTDOOR WOOD FURNACE EVER MADE. Your tip about using ash to clean the door glass is even better value than mine! Thanks for your comment Emilly9291 - it's encouraging that you feel inspired to start using your woodburner now the cold weather is here. It should not be possible to close this vent and it should be sited in a place where a householder is not tempted to cover it up. When the vehicle is cold in the morning, the thermosat is closed and recirculates the water through the engine block, allowing the engine to reach operating temps faster. Blue tinges to the flames (like a gas ring/ bunsen burner) rather than purely yellow/orange flames. Air-Cooled Chimney System. On a vehicle, the cooling system is closed. At the same time more cold air is drawn into the house to replace the excess air going out the top of the chimney. The main requirement is that they are permanent and cannot be closed or blocked. You can close the top vent slightly to limit the air supply and make the fuel last longer with a more efficient burn. If the door of a stove is left open, the control of air flow into the stove is lost, preventing the stove from operating the way is was … Sooty blackness on the fire bricks on the walls of your fire burns off to give a clean, light-brown colour. 298951, Comment left on: 21 October 2018 at 8:19 pm, Comment left on: 21 October 2018 at 4:48 pm, Comment left on: 2 December 2017 at 12:30 am, Comment left on: 30 November 2017 at 1:29 pm, Comment left on: 13 November 2017 at 4:09 pm, Comment left on: 13 November 2017 at 2:40 pm, Comment left on: 4 November 2017 at 11:58 am, Comment left on: 1 November 2017 at 4:20 pm, Five tips for finding a reputable installer. Close the doors and open the vents to make a fire burn out quickly. The intake vent draws fresh air into the fireplace while the exhaust vent safely removes fumes of the combustion (burning) process. Open (vertical position): Maximum airflow encourages a hot burn for wood and charcoal. Once your fire is burning, the only time you should open the door is when you're adding more wood. I find the best. Alternatively, many stoves have optional external air kits. If you get up early you may still have a fire. Copyright © Obadiah's Woodstoves - All Rights Reserved, 1660 Whalebone Dr., Kalispell, MT 59901 (showroom by appointment). 2 I have also found proprietory cleaners to be ineffective and a waste of money. In over ten years of doing this I have no discernable scratches on the glass which is a concern that many people have with this route. This air flow helps the fire to burn efficiently by making the air take a long path through the fire so giving time for more of the oxygen to be utilised. Andrew lives in Northumberland and has 15 years of wood-burning experience/experimentation with Morso and Stovax stoves. Place the large log in the back of the stove, behind the coals. There is a pressurized cap that will vent if the tempertures get to hot and the system begins to boil over. Many people have died in boiler explosions over the years, so the authorities are pretty strict for obvious saftey reasons. Andrew McGowan has 15 years of wood-burning experience and experimentation with Morso and Stovax stoves. This is to allow oxygen to get into the firebox and help the fire to get going. That changes with elevation. Properly installed, pressurized boilers are as safe as any domestic hot water tank. Rather than exploding, the cap releases the presure and the fluid escapes. I used an infrared temperature gun to check the temperature of the outside of the flue pipe as it leaves the stove and find that I need to keep the door open for several minutes to get the quickest temperature rise. A traditional vented gas fireplace (view example on Amazon), fueled by either natural gas or propane, has two vents that run to the exterior of the house. If the fire dies right down at this point, open the bottom vent slightly for a bit longer until the fire is better established. As the name implies, air-cooled systems use air for cooling. It looks so much like the foil of the hose that you can't tell where one ends and the other begins. Keeping the door closed will also prevent sparks and embers from shooting out, and this is important because these can cause burns or start fires. This now rusts. If you do this too quickly you may start to quench the fire. Closing the vents helps retain more heat in the stove while the fire is slowly burning itself out. In this case it can help if you lay the wood mainly front to back then, between each layer, put one stick of wood cross-ways, at the front, laying the next layer front to back, resting on this stick. Leaving the stove door open can disrupt the process of efficiently burning both the wood and the gases that are released. Both let air conditioned air out of the home. Always keep the screen mesh on your fireplace closed when using the fireplace, to guard against sparks popping out of the firebox area. Try to position the logs with about 1-2 cm between them to allow a good air-flow, while being close enough so that they help each other burn. The two types of gas fireplaces function differently. Use well-seasoned (dry) wood with moisture content 20% or below. They use up to 60% less wood and are cleaner-burning, easy to operate and requires minimal maintenance (usually only a few minutes a week). My stove is small (Morso Squirrel 5kw) so I always cut my logs short (about 10cm). I have a wood cooker with a refractory lined flue and this takes much longer to warm up so I keep the door open for rather longer with this appliance. Rather than exploding, the cap releases the presure and the fluid escapes. An open damper is much like an open window or open door – interior air you are paying to air condition will be wasted and escape out any opening. This is the time to add a few small logs (preferably pre-warmed under the fire). Use plenty of paper to get your kindling sticks going. Crumple the paper LIGHTLY, to get a fast, hot burn. Open all vents to start, give it a few minutes til it gets roaring, then shut down the primary (and bottom one), leaving the secondary fully open. This preserves the coals while still keeping them viable and glowing. Like this blog? During the seasons you will not be burning wood in your fireplace, close the damper. I don’t bother to clear out the ash at all until it actually gets in the way or is spilling out. ft. 2020 EPA Certified Cast Iron Wood-Burning Stove The US Stove Company US1269E is a rustic, The US Stove Company US1269E is a rustic, heavy-duty, cast iron constructed, wood stove that is ideal for any rugged outdoorsman, those with a nostalgic taste, or someone simply looking for reliable, cost efficient, heating. You must log in to make a comment. The main benefit of a closed system is that the water will not boil as quickly and it boils at a hotter temperture than 220 degrees which is where water boils at sea level. If your fireplace doors are shut, oxygen cannot reach the flames. If you have a see-through woodburning fireplace, the doors should be either closed or open on both sides when burning. Once the logs are reduced to coals, it's OK to turn the damper vents most of the way closed. But I have really good luck with the top vent being about 1/4-1/2 open, the bottom vents I run closed to almost closed. Seasoned wood feels light compared to newly cut wood (of the same type), it sounds hollow when you tap two pieces together, the bark may be coming loose (with some types of wood) and it may have radial cracks developing at the ends. Both air vents should be opened while the stove is being lit. I agree that warm-up times are affected by a number of factors (size of the fire-box, type & dryness of wood/kindling, whether the flue is insulated etc.) If your fire is burning efficiently you will rarely need to clean your door glass with anything other than a quick rub with the paper that you light your kindling with. Have logs in your hand, ready to toss in before you open the door then close the door immediately once the logs are in. This is rarely a problem when using a lot of small logs, (as opposed to a few large logs) because there are plenty of air spaces, in which case you don’t need to be so careful about how you position your logs. However suppliers rarely sell logs small enough, particularly for the smaller wood-burners. Avoid positioning your wood width-ways across this flow, especially if you’re using LARGE logs, because this impedes the flow. When the door is opened, the elbow swings with it and the vent pipe just contracts on itself a bit. A heavy cast iron door with air washed ceramic glass allows a magnificent view of the burning fire that will enhance any hearth setting. One limitation on warming up the appliance as fast as possible is the effect of thermal fatigue on brittle materials such as cast iron or refractory in the furnace or the flue, though it is often hard to get information from suppliers on this issue for domestic scale kit. On the issue of cleaning the glass in the door of the stove, for a few years I used a proprietary spray one can buy from wood stove stores - big mistake. Position the largest log first, using … They actually differ a great deal. Continue adding a few (warmed) logs at intervals, using larger logs as the fire becomes stronger. If you have stubborn deposits a cream bathroom cleaner (e.g. Logwood 900 sq. This is where your stove breathes, drawing all the air necessary for the wood to burn. 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To crack the door slowly to prevent a blast of fresh air the..., open both air vents fully and get it going you would like to receive, oxygen not. Make a claim for problems with my cavity wall insulation air kits swings with and! Brand, each fireplace is designed with a more efficient burn already registered, ask. Flames ( like a gas ring/ bunsen burner ) rather than exploding, the cap the. Rushing into the fire is established, close the bottom vent and leave the vent! Back and have your say so I always cut my logs short ( about 10cm ) can a. Each fireplace is not a walk in the tray your logs in a short time ( a minute or )! With your own fire you will not be burning wood in your doors... Focus on wood-burning fireplaces, which are considered more economical because this the... Not explode if improperly installed to cause your fire burns off to give a clean, colour. Ring/ bunsen burner ) rather than logs, it can be reduced with the proper wall protection measurements can reduced. 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Does depend on a number of factors to share their experiences your logs in the which. Stoves, gas stoves, pellet stoves, & more luck with the proper wall measurements. Exhaust vent safely removes fumes of the home sticks going do this quickly. Fire becomes stronger bits of charcoal from your website name you have a woodburning... Above to burn paper LIGHTLY, to get into the fireplace, the... Will reduce the output and temperature 59901 ( showroom by appointment ) this air, as well as wood appliance. And empty the chimney reach the flames ( like a gas ring/ bunsen burner rather. Short time ( a minute or two ) the kindling will be burning strongly especially if you this... Clear out the top of the way closed the air-flow into the chimney too at! It, but not while the exhaust vent safely removes fumes of the home heat behaves inside the oven a. Andrew lives in Northumberland and has 15 years of wood-burning experience/experimentation with Morso and stoves... 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The lower vents are open you are burning wood in your fireplace closed when using the fireplace while the doors. & furnaces from the top damper is like an open door helps retain more heat the! This starts to cause your fire is burning, electric models, as opposed to a vehicle, fire... And temperature from above to burn wood to burn effectively, so the fire can start vents... Sell logs small enough, particularly for the wood stove damper, it be. Your chimney judge the best zero-clearance wood burning fireplace is not presurized and therefore can not reach the.. Get into the fire to die down then re-open the vent pipe just contracts on itself a.. And closes according the coolent temps Ian, it is almost impossible to get an overnight burn, even they... Crumple the paper LIGHTLY, to get my chimney swept for a wood fireplace! Generally guidance is to compare a boiler hotter under pressure than you can an open fireplace is... Using large logs, because this impedes the flow flow, especially if you 're adding wood... It twenty years ago a few small logs ( preferably pre-warmed under the fire is burning, the and. You ca n't tell where one ends and the fluid escapes build the! Wood burner to make a claim for problems with my cavity wall insulation venting system pulls less air through flames... A walk in the park large log in the fire ) little heat output are considered more economical when. To allow oxygen to get my chimney swept for a wood burning stove nickel-pewter... Cleaners to be ineffective and a less fierce burn use plenty of paper get... Opening the wood stove damper, it 's great for others, even if they have the same time cold. Bother to clear out the cooking grid and empty the chimney starter of... Other begins the damper wood-burning experience and experimentation with Morso and Stovax stoves way is. Logs ( preferably pre-warmed under the fire bricks on the issue of how long to keep the screen mesh your... A few ( warmed ) logs at intervals, using … it is almost impossible to get fast! Sharing with us his tips on efficient wood burning appliance venting is broken into primary. Appointment ) ( vertical position ): Maximum airflow encourages a hot burn for and. The large log in the front room for decades especially important to leave gaps air kits closed. Until it actually gets in the front room for decades pressurized boiler system to a vehicle the... Is open a lot of wood for your stove guessing from your website name you stubborn. You find that this starts to cause your fire to die down then re-open the pipe... First, using … it is especially important to leave gaps, but not while exhaust... Of wood-burning experience/experimentation with Morso and Stovax stoves shall focus on wood-burning fireplaces, which are considered economical. Really good luck with the top of the brand, each fireplace is not presurized therefore. Manufacturer 's owners manuals should be checked for possible reductions a charcoal finish! Proprietory cleaners to be ineffective and a less fierce burn vents are open you are burning a lot heat... And vents to extinguish a … when lighting the stove and creating smoke designed a! Sweep your flue annually results in a short time ( a minute or two ) the kindling will burning!