Accountability is the obligation to carry out responsibility and exercise authority in terms of performance standards established. It depends to a large extend on the personal traits of leadership, ability to persuade others to work well to accomplish organization goals. While authority is delegated, by the superior to subordinates, responsibility is assumed, i.e. In a way through exercising the control the superior is demanding accountability from subordinates. Thus, here the worker is using bell without formal authority. It is the power to make the decisions and to see that they are carried out in the right time in the right way. Every employee is answerable to his superior for the accomplishment of the task assigned to him. One is always answerable to his superiors for the work which he has accepted to perform. (i) Operating Responsibility – It is the obligation of an employee to carry out the assigned tasks. It is the power politics within the organization that gives rise to power centres in the organization. ‘Authority’ means ‘Legal or rightful power, a right to command or to act’. Authority is the legal right of person or superior to command his subordinates while accountability is the obligation of individual to carry out his duties as per standards of performance Authority flows from the superiors to subordinates,in which orders and instructions are given to subordinates to complete the task. It indicates the right and power of making decisions, giving orders and instructions to subordinates. Top management must ensure that the responsibilities and authorities for relevant roles are assigned, communicated, and understood within the organization.The top management must primarily take accountability for the effectiveness of the QMS and understand that its success or failure depends on them. Responsibility may be defined as the obligation of a subordinate, to whom a duty has been assigned, to perform the duty to the best of his ability. If the managers do not possess required authority, they will not be able to perform their duties properly. For instance, a person possesses expert knowledge in a particular subject. Thus, this expression of the source of authority of the manager is the acceptance by his sub-ordinates. Responsibility is always accountable. Accountability always flows upward. They have written that there are five sources of power which are found at all levels of the organization. What have been the results? According to Davis, "Responsibility is an obligation of individual to perform assigned duties to the best of his ability under the direction of his executive leader." Subordinates obey the manager because of the fear of losing financial rewards. There must be mutual cooperation and mutual trust between officers and employees of the enterprise for the successful use of authority. Content Guidelines 2. Authority is nothing but the rights or the powers with the executives which the organization provides them with the aim of accomplishment of certain common organizational goals. Subordinates accept the formal authority of a manager because of his position in the organization. Accountability arises out of responsibility and the two go together. Authority defines the decisions you can make but does not mention the results that you have to achieve, whereas responsibility addresses the results you must accomplish, but does not mention the decisions that you need to make in order to reach those results. It creates superior sub-ordinate relations. The latter are subordinates to the former. S how the two are different should be answerable to the board of directors and delegate to most! 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