Exposure and Vulnerability Chapter 2 DISASTER READINESS AND RISK REDUCTION 2. SOCIAL HAZARD. Exposure refers to people, property, systems, or other elements present in hazard zones that are thereby subject to potential losses. and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate related extreme events and other economic, social, and environmental shocks and disasters” (UN 2016c). See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. A risk is a situation that involves danger. Overview Exposure refers to the presence of people, livelihood, environmental services and resources, infrastructure, or economic, social, or cultural assets in places that could be adversely affected by physical events and which, thereby, are subject to potential future harm, loss, or damage. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. For example, an exposure may allow an attacker to secretly gather customer information that could be sold. Vulnerability • It is the characteristics and circumstances of a community, system or asset that make it susceptible to the damaging effects of a hazard • Factors of Vulnerability Demographic Factors Population Density Age of Population Distribution of Population Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Social vulnerability and high-risk groups Unsafe conditions Economic vulnerability Failure of protective measures Community resilience Policy response and mitigation TEXT BOXES 8.1 Progression of vulnerability: Kobe earthquake 8.2 Progression of vulnerability: Gujarat Earthquake 8.3 Chronology of events during the Montserrat eruption Hazard Exposure Vulnerability Disaster Risk rains, storms, etc. While the literature and common usage often mistakenly combine exposure and vulnerability, they are distinct. Blockchain + AI + Crypto Economics Are We Creating a Code Tsunami? Disaster readiness and risk reduction 1. Vulnerability is the human dimension of disasters and is the result of the range of economic, social, cultural, institutional, political and psychological factors that shape people’s lives and the environment that they live in (Twigg, 2004).. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Resistance against natural hazards . Transaction exposure deals with actual foreign currency transaction. Total Disaster Risk Management - Good Practices - Chapter 1 Asian Disaster Reduction Center 6 To reduce disaster risk, it is important to reduce the level of vulnerability and to keep exposure … Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Competency and science-based capacity building activities alongside the nurturing of continuous learning through knowledge development and management of good DRRM practices on the ground. It's a gap in your protection. This is the key difference between risk and vulnerability. ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARD. Defining Vulnerability • Vulnerability is the state of susceptibility to harm from exposure to stresses associated with environmental and social change and from the absence of capacity to adapt. The video clips are from GIZ video on "What is vulnerability and how do we adapt to climate change?" Disaster risk has many characteristics. Exposure and Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Although both refer to exposure to danger, there is a difference between risk and vulnerability. Start studying Module 2: Exposure and Vulnerability. No public clipboards found for this slide. Exposure and Vulnerability 2. She defines vulnerability as “uncertainty, risk and emotional exposure.” Think about the vulnerability it takes to love someone – whether it’s your parents, siblings, spouse or close friends. Foreign exchange exposure is classified into three types viz. There are steps that we can do to ensure reduction of risks. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. READINESS AND Disaster risk reduction (DRR) is a term used for reducing and preventing disaster risks. Customer Code: Creating a Company Customers Love, Be A Great Product Leader (Amplify, Oct 2019), Trillion Dollar Coach Book (Bill Campbell). RISK REDUCTION. The exposure module includes tools for localization, classification and evaluation of infrastructure potentially exposed to hazards. Chapter 2 Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Transaction, Translation and Economic Exposure. But oftentimes, organizations get their meanings confused. elements that may be exposed to hazards: Physical hazards. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. A human health risk human health riskThe likelihood that a given exposure or series of exposures may have damaged or will damage the health of individuals. Vulnerability and risk are two terms that are related to security. This literature review provides an overview of the tools and methods used to measure vulnerability… DRR actions can be political, technical,… See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. In the year 2011 alone, Asia Pacific represented: 80% (US$ 294/366.1 billion) of the annual global disaster losses assessment is the process to estimate the nature and probability of adverse health effects in humans who may be exposed to chemicals in contaminated environmental media, now or in the future.. Human health risk assessment … Modifiable Risk Factors of Lifestyle Diseases, Customer Code: Creating a Company Customers Love, Be A Great Product Leader (Amplify, Oct 2019), No public clipboards found for this slide. Other examples of vulnerability include these: Structural damage or collapse buildings. vulnerability as exposure (conditions that make people or places vulnerable to hazard), second, vulnerability as social condition (measure of resilience to hazards), and third, ‘the integration of potential exposures and societal resilience with a specific focus on places or regions (Cutter et al., Exposure and vulnerability in Disaster readiness and risk reduction subject in G11 STEM. ECONOMIC HAZARD. Published on July 10, 2014 Although often used interchangeably with DRR, disaster risk management (DRM) can be thought of as the implementation of DRR, since it describes the actions that aim to achieve the objective of reducing risk. the level of vulnerability and exposure to these events (high confidence). 10. Exposure is a necessary, but not sufficient, determinant of risk. Disaster Risk The losses and impacts that characterize disasters usually have much to do with the exposure and vulnerability of people and places as they do with the severity of the hazard event (UNISDR, 2013). If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Interruption of business due to damage of building and infrastructure. Vulnerability High exposure and vulnerability are linked to skewed development processes, such as those associated with environmental mismanagement, rapid demographic changes, rapid and unplanned economic processes, urbanization in hazardous areas, poor governance, and the scarcity of livelihood options for the people particularly the poor (Cardona et al 2012). Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Vulnerable Sectors Include 1. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Translation exposure deals with the accounting representation and economic exposure deals with little macro level exposure which may be true for the whole industry rather than just the firm under concern. DISASTER See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Vulnerability module includes software tools for the development of physical vulnerability functions for each hazard and class of asset considered. DISASTER READINESS AND RISK REDUCTION Senior High School S/Y 2017 - 2018 2. [2.2.1, 2.3, 2.5] Trends in vulnerability and exposure are major drivers of changes in disaster risk, and of impacts when risk is realized (high confidence). Threat, vulnerability and risk are terms that are inherent to cybersecurity. IPCC has provided the new 'Risk' based framework for vulnerability conceptualization in the AR 5. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. These can be combined with the specific vulnerability and capacity of the exposed elements to any particular hazard to estimate the quantitative risks associated with that hazard in the area of interest (UNISDR, 2017). experience harm due to exposure to a hazard, either a perturbation or stress/stressor” (Turner et al., 2003, p. 74). Vulnerability and exposure are dynamic, varying across temporal and spatial scales, and depend on economic, social, geographic, demographic, cultural, institutional, governance, and environmental factors (high confidence). A vulnerability is a flaw or weakness in something that leaves it open to attacks. Additionally, Goal 13 focuses purely on analyze the various hazards and vulnerability factors which put communities and people in harms way. Various. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Example: Wetlands, such as the Caroni Swamp, are sensitive to increasing salinity from sea water, and pollution from storm water runoff containing agricultural chemicals, eroded soils, etc. You can change your ad preferences anytime. It may be p Are smoking, being exposed to second hand smoke, living in old toxic waste site and working with harmful chemicals. Exposure and Vulnerability 1. This event has a probability of occurrence within a specified period of time and within a given area, and has a given intensity.” These hazardous events may be potentially harmful to pe… Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Land use and urban planning, ecosystem management and disaster recovery – the very tools devised to deal with exposure to risks - … See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. People, property, etc. It is crucial for infosec managers to understand the relationships between threats and vulnerabilities so they can effectively manage the impact of a data compromise and manage IT risk. Environmental Vulnerability: Natural resource depletion and resource degradation are key aspects of environmental vulnerability. Both vulnerabilities and risks should be identified beforehand in order to avoid dangerous or … 1. This is a vulnerability, as unscrupulous people can easily break the window and gain entry into your home. Ground zero for natural disasters lies not in the US, however, but in the Asia Pacific Region. Last week, UN ESCAP/UNISDR released the Asia-Pacific Disaster Report 2012, ‘Reducing Vulnerability and Exposure to Disasters’. The policy objective of anticipating and reducing risk is called disaster risk reduction (DRR). If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. It is founded on the principle that while hazards are inevitable, its adverse effects like lost lives and/or destruction of property are not. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Exposure and Vulnerability (DRRR) 1. Module includes software tools for the development of physical vulnerability functions for each hazard and class of asset considered deficits! Property, systems, or other elements present in hazard zones that are thereby to. 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