This is also a hardy type of ficus plant to grow outdoors. In general, most varieties of ficus plants are easy to care for. This type of ficus has large green leaves and is a stunning indoor specimen plant. Opuntia valida, Artesia, NM. Pruning. As an indoor container plant, it remains under 10 feet tall. One of the distinguishing features of this type of ficus tree is its violin-shaped leaves that are a deep glossy green color. Another small type of ficus tree is the slow-growing ‘Too Little’ Weeping fig. Care guide for the Fig / Ficus Bonsai tree (Ficus Retusa / Ginseng). It feels firm, but contracts visibly when prodded. Both species are hardy in USDA zones 10b through 11. With a proper care, this type of outdoor ficus tree can become a delightful ornamental tree in a garden or yard. This plant is unique among the Ficus in that is grows as a vine rather than a tree or shrub. Generally, species of plants in the ficus genus grow in a wide variety of environments. This type of ficus plant can be pruned to be an ornamental tree to provide plenty of shade in gardens. These long drooping leaves make an attractive feature of this plant. For example, the ‘Starlight’ Weeping fig is a cultivar of the ‘Weeping fig’ and is a bushy type of tree plant that has small white and green leaves. Identify the weeping fig tree (F. benjamina) by its weeping form, its smooth, gray bark and oval, large, leathery leaves, which are usually bright green but can be grayish-green or yellowish depending on the cultivated variety. One interesting cultivar is the Ficus Emerald Green. Because the Indian Laurel needs a warm humid environment, cultivars of the Ficus microcarpa are popular as houseplants. Characters for identification are explained. You can also increase humidity by misting the leaves regularly. ; Hodges, R. W., 1971. The ficus species are commonly known as figs; they are part of the mulberry ( Moraceae) family of plants. The Fiddle-Leaf fig is a slow-growing ficus tree that can be grown as a house plant. Here are some of the best ways to care for your ficus plants. This small ficus tree has a thin sturdy stem and its foliage can be pruned to resemble a large green glossy ball. The long thin trunk can reach a height of up to 9.8 ft. (3 m) indoors. Ficus Species, Benjamin Fig, Chinese Banyan, Ficus Tree, Weeping Fig (Ficus benjamina) Figs generally thrive in U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) plant hardiness zones 8 through 12, depending on the species. Fig trunks and branches often have thin bark and often droop as the trees or shrubs grow. species Ficus pumila Name Synonyms Ficus hanceana Maxim. Bacterial Leaf Spot Ficus benjamina: Angular yellow spots are limited in size by veins. Ficus carica is an Asian species of flowering plant in the mulberry family, known as the common fig.It is the source of the fruit also called the fig and as such is an important crop in those areas where it is grown commercially. So, this attractive indoors miniature ficus tree can be the centerpiece of a table or windowsill. Either small or large, 16 inches to 3 feet (40 cm to 1 m), its gnarly bearing looks quite like a miniature tree, which is particularly ornamental. Fertilizing: Feed the baobab with liquid fertilizer every month in half concentration when it is time to … The reason why indoor ficus trees are so popular is that they are very versatile and suit a wide range of interior design needs. Ficus is a pantropical genus of trees, shrubs, and vines occupying a wide variety of ecological niches; most are evergreen, but some deciduous species are endemic to areas outside of the tropics and to higher elevations. SHAUNA POTTER Opuntia tomentosa Opuntia monacantha 48 Planting in a container will also help to contain its height. Some types of ficus plant grow well outdoors in warm conditions. You can also grow cultivars of this ficus shrub tree even if you live in cooler climates. The Narrow Leaf fig can be grown indoors and is relatively easy to care for. Ficus. This can help to keep your growing indoor tree to a reasonable height. Common fig trees produce edible, greenish or brownish, 2- to 4-inch fruits. Hardy in USDA zones 8 through 11, creeping fig (Ficus pumila) has heart-shaped, 1-inch-long, evergreen leaves. ( Life; Embryophyta (plants); Angiospermae (flowering plants); Eudicotyledons; Order: Rosales; Family: Moraceae; Genus: Ficus) To access these keys you will need to enable Java on your web browser. The long spindly stems or trunks can be braided or pleated to form an attractive indoor ficus tree plant. The Indian Laurel is also a popular type of bonsai ficus miniature tree. Ficus petiolaris is a popular bonsai species. Ficus pumila var. The Sacred Fig is a type of fast-growing tree that grows well in full sun. There are about 850 species of plants in the ficus genus. The fiddle leaf ficus is a tree type plant with the largest leaves of all from this genus. They are generally fast-growing, very vigorous plants that can be invasive when growing conditions are ideal. The shape and size of fig plants can help you identify those plants. The figs include many broadleaf evergreen and deciduous trees, as well as shrubs and lianas. The distinctive features of the Creeping fig are its small heart-shaped leaves and fast climbing growth. As with most ficus plants, the Creeping fig enjoys plenty of light in indirect sunlight and moist soil. The best times to prune your ficus tree indoors is in spring and winter. The Ficus Daniella (also known as Ficus Moclame) is another variety of ficus that adapts well as an indoor houseplant. Status: Not Native, EPPC(II) Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens From among the many varieties of indoor ficus plants, the Weeping fig is fairly easy to care for. Species in following genera are listed in groups on our web pages: Australian Fig trees (Ficus spp. Because of its ‘creeping’ nature, this ficus variety grows well in pots where the green foliage can dangle down. Most ornamental Ficus are used as interior trees; however, a few are shrublike or grow as vines (Henley and Poole 1989).F. benjamina, the weeping fig, was first introduced to Florida's nursery industry during the late 1950s and has since become the most popular interior tree. The Sacred Fig (Ficus religiosa) species of ficus is a fast-growing type of tree that is well-suited to warm outdoor environments. Ficus scandens Lam. An identification key, illustrations, descriptions and habitats are provided. Compared to other varieties of indoor and outdoor ficus trees, the Weeping fig has small leaves. Being easy to care for is one of the reasons why Audrey ficus plant is a good choice as a houseplant. Ficus flowers appear inside the receptacle and are extremely small. So, creeping fig plants are good indoors in hanging baskets or on a shelf. The Rubber plant has large attractive leaves which can grow up to 12” (30 cm) long. However, it is sensitive to environmental changes and is best placed away from vents and drafts. Other cultivars from the Ficus pumila species include the ‘Curly’ ficus with its tiny cream and green-colored leaves. Ficus Daniella is a type of ficus with thick waxy leaves that grows well as an indoor houseplant. However, if you wish, you can allow the Rubber plant to grow as high as 8 ft. (2.4 m) indoors. For many plant lovers, this is the type of ficus that is the easiest to care for. Of these there are at least a dozen species and hundreds of varieties that are suitable for bonsai cultivation. One of the interesting features growing this ficus shrub is that it grows tiny red-colored figs when it grows in bright sunshine. This article provides guidelines for the identification and treatment of diseases that may be encountered during the commercial production of ornamental Ficus. To keep the environment humid enough, regular misting helps the ficus plant to grow well. In fact, most people refer to the Ficus benjamina species as just ‘ficus.’. For example, ornamental ficus carica fig trees such as ‘Brown Turkey’ and ‘Chicago Hardy’ can grow in USDA hardiness zones 5 and 6. Because ficus trees are native to tropical and warm climates, they will only thrive in USDA hardiness zones 10 and 11. It is also good to remember that some of these varieties of ficus trees make good indoor plants. The Indian Laurel is a ficus tree that needs a warm humid environment. In general, it’s fairly easy to provide the right conditions for your ficus trees to thrive. The large leaves of the fiddleleaf fig (F. lyrata) tend to give it a shape that branches less than other Ficus species when used as a houseplant. Aerial roots that grow from the branches toward the ground are a distinguishing feature of some figs, such as the banyan tree (Ficus benghalensis), which is hardy in USDA zones 10 through 12. Spots become brown and leaves fall. An avid gardener, Evans has a Bachelor of Arts in political science from the University of New Hampshire, a Juris Doctor from Vermont Law School, and a personal trainer certificate from American Fitness Professionals and Associates. Soil. Seeds vary in size, from small to large and can include anywhere from 30 to 1,600 for each fruit. Unlike many types of trees in the ficus genus, the Sacred fig enjoys full sunshine to grow well. It is another popular species in cultivation and a great plant for covering walls. As with many types of indoor ficus plants, moving its position and drafts can stress Weeping fig plant. Most of the popular practices link the Ficus tree back to one of its native lands, Asia. Types of ficus trees include shrub-like plants, creeping vines, and woody trees. This is also called the Banana fig, Alii fig, or Banana-leaf ficus. lutchuensis Koidz. You can also choose tree-type ficus plants to grow indoors as houseplants. The fig tree is very easy to care for and can thrive very well in the house. Light. Where to plant a ficus tree outdoors. University of Florida IFAS Extension, Central Florida Research and Education Center: Ficus Production Guide. The Ficus carica is the common fig tree and can be grown as an ornamental plant in temperate climates. Bill Oehlke's species page for Pachylia ficus. On the right is the variegated cultivar, A popular ficus plant for indoors is the Weeping fig (Ficus benjamina) with its green shiny leaves and bushy appearance. A few Ficus species have atypical growth habits that can help you to identify them. This type of ficus has thick waxy leaves and in a nice oval shape. The leaves grow between 3” and 5” (8 – 13 cm) and are long and narrow. Ficus, also known as “fig,” is a group of more than 800 tropical and semitropical trees, shrubs and vines. Of course, fig trees that are native to Middle Eastern and Mediterranean countries are well-known for producing delicious fig fruits. One sign that you are over-watering your ficus houseplant is if the leaves turn yellow. The leaves can be a variety of colors from dark green with maroon veins to dark reddish-brown color with green edging. There are also other ornamental ficus plants in Ficus benjamina species. Ficus trees have fleshy, convex fruits, containing seeds in nut form. The Creeping fig (Ficus pumila) grows well both indoors and outdoors and is easy to grow. Ficus stipulacea Noronha Ficus stipulata Lem. Ficus Whitefly (Singhiella simplex) (Fig Whitefly)Hosts and damage: Attacks various Ficus species (F. aurea, F. altissima, F. bengalensis, F. benjamina, F. lyrata, F. microcarpa, and F. maclellandii).Was also observed on Rhododendron (Azalea) indica.Feeding may cause yellowing of leaves, defoliation and branch dieback. Other types of plants in the ficus genus are better suited as houseplants. Some growers braid the multiple stems of container-grown weeping figs until the stems grow as a single trunk. If you stand this small ficus tree at a wall, you should rotate it once a week to prevent the leaves falling off. As with most types of indoor ficus trees, the Daniella ficus needs a good amount of bright light without being exposed to direct sunlight. Judith Evans has been writing professionally since 2009, specializing in gardening and fitness articles. One of the most popular trees for indoor bonsai, the Ficus genus consists of over 800 different species of evergreen trees, shrubs and woody climbers usually found in moist forests in tropical and sub-tropical areas of the world. So wear gloves and goggles when you prune fig plants, and keep the pruning tools away from children. Specialized wasps enter the fruits through a hole and pollinate the flowers, which produce tiny, seed-containing fruits. Step 2 Audrey ficus is suitable for outdoors but you can also keep it compact as an indoor ficus plant. There should be enough holes in the pot to allow excess water to drain. Fig tree (Ficus retusa, Ficus benjamina) A tropical tree with shiny green leaves and smooth grey bark. These grow together to form a small shrub-like tree that is very decorative. The Mistletoe fig is a type of shrub with spreading nature. High populations are able to stunt the growth of young trees. Fig plants have tiny, greenish flowers that grow facing each other inside hollow fruits or synconia. Although it doesn’t tolerate frost well, it is hardy down to 34°F (1°C). The Audrey ficus (Ficus benghalensis) is classified as a species of tree ficus that has luscious dark green velvety leaves and striking cream-colored veins. There are also various Ficus elastica cultivars that also make for beautiful ornamental houseplants. The tree’s fruit, which is pear-shaped, is actually a fleshy hollow receptacle, known technically as a synconium. It grows up to 3 metres tall which makes it a brilliant ornamental plant for rooms with tall ceilings. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service: Ficus Benjamina -- Weeping Fig, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service: Ficus Elastica -- Rubber Tree, University of Arkansas System Cooperative Extension Service: Plant of the Week -- Weeping Fig, University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service: Ficus Pumila, University of California-Davis Information Center for the Environment: Invasive Species List and Scorecards for California, University of Florida IFAS Extension: Disinfecting Pruning Tools. This compact tree has very small leaves that are curled up. The shape of this specimen ficus tree is why it is also referred to as a ‘lollipop.’, The common fig tree belongs to the ficus family of plants. horticultural Ficus varieties are used for interiorscape houseplant décor and for outdoor landscape design. Interactive key to the figs of New Guinea. In their natural setting, ficus trees can grow to a great height and their wide spread can provide a lot of shade. Extensive surface roots of some fig varieties, including rubber trees and weeping figs, can damage sidewalks and lawnmowers. Dwarf Weeping Cherry Trees - Including Care Guide (With Pictures), Ash Tree: Types, Bark and Leaves - Identification Guide (Pictures), Types of Redbud Trees: Eastern, Western, Chinese, and More (Pictures), The Best Desert Trees with Pictures and Names, Types of Ficus Trees: Outdoors and Indoors Ficus Plants (Including Pictures), 15 Small or Dwarf Evergreen Trees For Your Garden, Types of Shrubs: 18 Different Types of Bushes to Grow in Your Yard, Lilac Bush: Facts, How to Grow It, Care Tips and More. The Mistletoe fig has a spreading nature and you can use it to provide plenty of ground cover. Ficus varieties are used for interiorscape houseplant décor and for outdoor landscape design its native lands,.! 3 ” and 5 ” ( 8 – 13 cm ) long hanging baskets or a! 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