Below are listed the major anatomical regions / landmarks of the brain stem with their corresponding functions (Figure 7): REGION / LANDMARK FUNCTION Midbrain Region of brain stem between the diencephalon and pons; contains multiple fiber tracts running between higher and lower neural centers. Gathers information from both inside and outside the body - Sensory Function 2. image cognitive functions in the brain (fMRI) as well as gray matter anatomy and white matter fiber tracts (dif-fusion-weighted MRI), has lead to a considerable in-crease in brain-based language studies (for recent re-views, see Refs. An example of this is the effect of stress and anxiety on learning. In higher consciousness mammals, it projects emotions, feelings, communications, creativity, and memories. The brain thus produces what we believe is reality in order for us to move. Integration & Higher Brain Functions Current definition of death is based on brain activity Cerebral activities stop only when life stops Integration interaction of several areas or processes occurring at the same time most not hard wired, curcuits constantly forming and reforming these functions are much more complex than simple reflex arcs •Of critical import to learning is the reticular activating system which helps with attention and concentration. Beneath the cerebral lobes •Are the most sensitive brain structures. Transmits information to the processing areas of the brain and spine 3. Functions of the Nervous System 1. Electroencephalography (EEG) provides temporal resolution in the millisecond range. •Here lie areas responsible for moving short-term memory traces into long-term memory traces (the hypocampal area). Intellectual functions of the brain: Learning, Memory and higher order functions Sinan Canan,PhD sinancanan@gmail.com www.sinancanan.net • Learning: Consider the task of answering a telephone. 15, 208, 251). Higher brain functions are the operations of the brain that stand at the pinnacle of evolution and are largely unique to humans. Both centers have extensive projections throughout the cerebral cortex (the higher brain) and can modulate higher brain activities in a widespread, diffuse manner. A glance at the function of the human brain parts Today research is beginning to unearth the vast complexity of the human brain. Higher brain function includes feeding, hunger, digestion, hormones, and sleep cycles. High temporal resolution is necessary to resolve the rapidly changing patterns of brain activity that underlie mental function. These subjective experiences of reality are essential to carrying out any complex task. Processes the information in the brain and spine – Integration Function 4. mmLaboratory for Higher Brain Function, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100864, China;nnDepartment of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Boston, … lower brain. running between higher and lower brain centers. What are the brain substrates activated during higher cortical functions, such as cognition, and how do they interact with structures involved in guiding our behavior?Until recently, these questions were discussed completely independently in the faculties of neurobiology and psychology, and on a different level in economics and linguistics. Despite the fact that there are hundreds of studies on the •Also housed in this region is the diencephalon which helps the body maintain homeostasis. 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