Select the largest bulbs available for the desired plant variety as they will produce more stalks and blooms in the first year. Once planted, water the potted amaryllis well and place it in a location where the temperature is about 70-75 degrees Fahrenheit. These dramatic Amaryllis tend to grow up to 18-24 in. They add dramatic color to homes and gardens and make wonderful gifts to gardeners from beginners to experts. Trim off any dead leaves. Regents of the University of Minnesota. As long as your bulb remains firm, be patient and take care not to overwater. Ongoing Care for Amaryllis After flowering, cut back the flower stems to 2 inches high but don't remove the leaves. Once it sprouts, a potted amaryllis should be kept moist but not soggy. Whether the first bulb or the fiftieth, there is high anticipation for the plant owner when the large, bright green bud emerges from a beefy amaryllis bulb! Amaryllis bulbs come in various sizes. You can care for amaryllis flowers in garden beds or in household pots, planting in spring or fall. Amaryllis is a subtropical bulb native to South Africa with large showy flowers that range in color from white to pinks, oranges and reds. Gradually move the container to a location or garden bed where it will receive full sun for at least 6 hours daily. Let the leaves become brown and dry before cutting them off. It will continue to grow long, smooth leaves. The diameter of the pot should be about 1 inch wider than the widest part of the bulb and twice as tall as the bulb to allow space for good root development. 3. Amaryllis bulbs are forced indoors for their large, spectacular flowers. The bulb should sit up above the edge of the container. The bloom resembles a lily but is actually related to the daffodil. The foliage of infested plants may become wilted, yellow and distorted and the plant will eventually die. Wipe pruners and stakes used on infected plants with alcohol. Q: My amaryllis bulbs are growing well outside. This will help build up nutrients in the bulb for flower production the next year. Their cultivars belong to the Double Galaxy group. BLOOM TIME: 6-12 weeks, depending on variety. Amaryllis may be purchased as bare or planted bulbs, and are prized for their exotic trumpet-shaped flowers born on 1- to 2-foot leafless stalks or scapes. A sunny window without drafts works well to spur the bulb into growth. Approximately 6 to 8 weeks prior to blooming, place the plant in a bright, warm location. See more “post-bloom” tips below. Do not let the plant sit in water as wet soil can promote bulb and root rot and attract pests. In order to bloom again, the amaryllis needs proper care in fall. The long, strap-like leaves of amaryllis will photosynthesize and create energy that is stored in the bulb and used to create future flowers. Mary Meyer, Extension horticulturalist and Julie Weisenhorn, Extension educator. Blooming can be timed around specific holidays and events. A: If you want to keep the bulbs fully protected and plant them outdoors next spring, bring them indoors, remove the leaves and store in a cool spot. There is no need to replant the bulb until it has actually outgrown the pot. When Does the Lily of the Valley Bloom Outdoors? Flowering Period: Late December until the end of June. Amaryllis plants should be brought indoors before the first frost in the fall. After flowering, the stalk is cut back to the top of the bulb. Should I bring them inside now or wait for the yellow leaves like other bulbs? Each flower lasts about 2 weeks but several flowers often appear in succession. A green stem will continue to promote photosynthesis, which creates energy that is stored in the bulb for future leaf growth and flowers. Seed formation will deplete important energy reserves in the bulb and reduce blooming. How to Care for a Blooming Amaryllis. They're slow growers that do best in … PLACEMENT: Direct sunlight (65-75°F). Do not remove the flower stalk until it has turned yellow.Â. How to Move Narcissus Bulbs From Inside to Outside, I Moved My Hyacinth Outside & It's Losing Leaves and Not Blooming. may lay its eggs in the bulbs of amaryllis plants that are placed outdoors for the summer. When the flower stalk appears, care for the plant in the same manner as you did during the last blooming season. Bulb arrives in the first stages of growth. Amaryllis belladonna – better known as Naked Ladies – are native to South Africa. Set the pot in a sink where it can drain freely and water until the potting soil is thoroughly moist. Julie Richards is a freelance writer from Ohio. 7 Small But Impactful Ways to Fit Self-Care Into Your Day Right Now Staying atop of your wellbeing is a must, especially during uncertain, stressful times. After bringing the potted amaryllis indoors, store the potted plant in a cool, dry, dark location such as a basement or closet. The flower bud often appears before the leaves. The plant continues to grow and produce leaves when you use an all-purpose fertilizer and move the plant back to a sunny location. F. Amaryllis-One of a Kind Of all flowering bulbs, amaryllis ar Why Is My Amaryllis Making Leaves & No Flowers? But bloom time can be controlled by allowing the bulb go dormant (stop growing) for a period of time. Once the risk of frost has passed in the spring, move your amaryllis outside f… Amaryllis plants bloom best when they grow in a container with little extra space (potbound). If your amaryllis is not already potted, plant each amaryllis bulb in a 6-8" pot. Select a container that has one or more holes in the bottom and drains easily. If the disease persists, the bulbs may be treated with a systemic fungicide. Amaryllis grows outdoors in U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 8 through 10 and indoors in cooler climates. The plant blooms once per year on a tall stem. ARRIVAL: Each bulb arrives pre-planted in a grower's pot nestled in its decorative container. Do not water during this time. Make sure that at least 1/3 of the bulb is sticking out of the surface of the soil. Watering : Potted Amaryllis need only a thorough watering with lukewarm water to begin growing. Select a sunny location on a deck or patio for your potted amaryllis, or just sink the entire pot into the soil in a sunny garden bed. If the bulb does not produce a flowering stalk in the next blooming period, it is likely that has not stored enough nutrients during the post-blooming period. What to do: Because control is difficult, it is best to destroy any infested bulbs as soon as the narcissus bulb fly is identified. Flowers usually develop in about 4 to 6 weeks from dormant bulbs. Amaryllis grow best in narrow containers. It is not necessary to remove the amaryllis from the pot. Amaryllis plants, due to their large flowers and ease of plantation, are a preferable choice for gardening. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Continue this process as long as the bulb produces blooms. It's amazing how easy it is to achieve spectacular results! When the stem emerges from the bulb, it needs water once a week. It is important that the temperature remain at 50 to 55 degrees to simulate the natural growing conditions of the amaryllis bulb. Amaryllis flowers range from 4 to 10 inches in size and can be either single or double in form. Leave the potted bulb in the dark for 8 to 12 weeks. Bulbs should be firm and dry with no signs of mold, decay or injury. 2020 Amaryllis Quick Tips: Planting Period: October until the end of April. How to Care for Amaryllis After Flowering The use of insecticides is generally ineffective. Remember to protect tabletops from moisture or water damage by placing potted amaryllis on pot saucers or plates set on a waterproof coaster or cork pad. Usually, one or more flower stalks appear first, but occasionally they are preceded by leaves. Poorly drained soil or soil that is constantly wet (overwatered) may also attract fungus gnats, a type of fruit fly. The maggot larvae feed in the outer scales of the bulb and eventually work their way into the interior of the bulb. © To promote blooming, use a houseplant fertilizer with a high phosphorus content. Careful inspection when purchasing bulbs accompanied by proper care will prevent most insect infestations as well as diseases. Water and fertilize as noted above in After-flowering care.Â. Bulbs were brought to Europe in the 1700s and have been known to bloom for up to 75 years. Amaryllis Care. You can plant the bulb in a sunny location or set the entire pot into a hole in the flower bed. Keeping the plant healthy and growing throughout the summer will promote blooming later in the season. Keeping the plant healthy and growing will promote blooming. Keep plant in bright light – until flower opens. Amaryllis bulbs are available about 6 to 8 weeks before the bloom is ready to grow, and they need a constant temperature of 70 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit. After bringing the potted amaryllis indoors, store the potted plant in a cool, dry, dark location such as a basement or closet. Plant the bulb, pointed-end-up, in potting mix. A popular indoor plant in the winter and spring is the amaryllis, with large lily-shaped flowers on tall stems. Continue to fertilize monthly with an all-purpose houseplant or indoor plant fertilizer. The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. After a period of dormancy, handle your amaryllis properly for another season of blooms. This will eventually grow into a new bulb and can be removed and planted separately. Typically grown on the West Coast, the bulbs send up or two leafless stems in late summer, each bearing a cluster of two to 12 funnel-shaped flowers, usually white with crimson veins, but … 1. Plant specs. Soggy soil can suffocate the roots of a plant. ... Editor's Tip: Keep amaryllis flowers out of direct sun and in temperatures between 55° and 70° F to help them last longer. Native to Africa, the genus Amaryllis comes from the Greek word amarysso, which means "to sparkle." Some varieties are bicolor such as purple and green, or picotee (having petals with a different edge color). Potted amaryllis bulbs can be found in many stores in December, or in mail-order catalogs. These leaves will promote photosynthesis. The secret to keeping amaryllis thriving for years is to keep the plants actively growing AFTER they have finished blooming. During this resting period (dormancy), plants use very little of their energy reserves. Buy healthy bulbs. The best time to repot them is after they have gone through a dormant period. Once the plant blooms, the flower fades quickly in the heat. An easy care instruction card is included to aid you or your recipient with flowering success. The amaryllis needs to be watered weekly and fed monthly so that the bulb grows and collects nutrients for re-blooming in the winter. Mix and match from our selection of longtime favorites and new varieties, all ready to burst into bloom. If after 8 to 12 weeks, no new growth has appeared, remove the potted bulb from the dark and place in a sunny location. In the former case, they are used as specimen plants or border plants. Hippeastrum spp., commonly known as the amaryllis, is a common holiday plant from the tropics of South America. Next, place the amaryllis in the sunniest spot possible in your home. A few tips for keeping amaryllis happy! Just before the first frost, the leaves should be cut to a height of about 1 inch, and the plant should go in a dark area that has a temperature of 50 to 55 degrees F for 10 to 12 weeks. All of our gifts include FREE SHIPPING and a Personalized Gift Message (entered at checkout). Red blotch (Stagonospora curtissi) is a fungus disease that may affect both the appearance and the health of amaryllis plants. Of course, many people choose to continue growing the plant indoors, but it may come as a pleasant surprise to know that in warmer climes, up to USDA Zone 7b, planting amaryllis outside in the garden is an option too. The amaryllis bulb is prized by gardeners because it is easy to plant and replant after a short dormant period. Watering & Sunlight Needs of an Amaryllis Plant, Purdue University Agriculture Department: Amaryllis -- Reblooming, Amaryllis Bulb Company: Amaryllis Planting and Care, Clemson University Cooperative Extension: Amaryllis. All rights reserved. Water when the soil at the top of the pot is dry, and apply a balanced liquid fertilizer every 2-4 weeks. If you’re new to amaryllis or are buying it as a gift, look for pre-potted bulbs that already have a flower bud sprouting. How to Care for a Potted Amaryllis. How Often Should You Water an Apple Blossom Amaryllis? A window with a southern exposure is the best choice. This is an easy care plant - it doesn't like to be fussed over. Fill the pot about half full with sterile, new potting soil high in organic matter such as peat moss. The plant benefits from time spent outdoors after any danger of frost has passed. Grow the amaryllis as a foliage plant through the spring and summer until the leaves turn yellow. University of Minnesota Extension discovers science-based solutions, delivers practical education, and engages Minnesotans to build a better future. Brighten your winter home with beautiful amaryllis in vibrant colors. You can buy amaryllis as a potted plant, as a bulb kit with pot and soil, or as individual bare bulbs. They will not survive frost or freezing temperatures. However, this disease is not usually fatal to the plant. In some cases, Amaryllis bulbs are planted in greenhouses to meet the plant requirements. The disease is often difficult to diagnose because superficial small red or pink patches may appear on the outside of healthy bulbs. It is common to see new growth (leaves, buds) emerging from bare or planted bulbs. Always store un-planted bulbs in a cool place between 40-50 deg. They require repotting only every 3 or 4 years. It is grown here in Florida as a potted plant, growing well indoors, or it … An actively growing plant will require frequent watering and fertilization. Amaryllis is a subtropical bulb that belongs to the Amaryllidaceae family and is native to South Africa. Water sparingly until growth begins. Others keep the plant from year to year. You can keep the pots indoors, or set … The leaves may become distorted and the flower stalks may break easily making the plants unsightly. tall (45-60 cm). These plants do well anywhere in South Florida, growing about 2 feet tall overall (flower stalks can add another 8 to 12 inches of height). Amaryllis gifts that come with a gift bag also include the largest bulbs commercially available. Move the plant out of direct sunlight when the flower buds have begun to open. After the flowers fade, cut off the flower stalk with a sharp knife. Amaryllis (Hippeastrum) plants are typically purchased around the Christmas holiday and discarded after the blooms have withered, but if the proper steps are taken they can continue to bloom for many years. The leaves may flop over when the plant is first moved outside, but with proper care new, more upright leaves should grow. So easy to grow, amaryllis bulbs are the perfect go-to gift. Amaryllis plants grow better in containers, which also protect against burrowing animals and insects. A quick turn of the pot keeps the stem straight as it grows. Larger bulbs produce more flowers. And it's a perfect flower to give on Christmas to relatives or your boss. Water and fertilize as noted above in. Heavy pots are preferable because lightweight pots may tip over under the weight of the blooms. They are becoming a popular holiday gift. Good drainage will minimize the chance of bulb or root rot (rotting from excess moisture). Fertilize amaryllis each time you water at half the recommended strength when new growth is visible (including on newly purchased bulbs). AMARYLLIS: YEAR-ROUND CARE. Set the bulb in the pot so the roots rest on the potting soil. Leave the potted bulb in the dark for … If the bulb is planted … The larger the bulb, the more flowers it will have. If new growth appears during this time, remove the potted bulb from the dark location and place in a sunny window. Plants that are outdoors should be brought indoors in mid-September. Amaryllis Care Instructions. Plant bulbs in a clean container with sterile, new potting soil. Some sources say that the bulb should not be watered again until it begins to sprout. She has been writing poetry and short stories for over 30 years, and published a variety of e-books and articles on gardening, small business and farming. ; When the leaves start to appear, you should add a liquid feed to the water, such as Miracle-Gro, once a week.This is an essential step if you want your amaryllis to flower again the next year. Potted Amaryllis For a gift that is sure to impress, please see our selection of Potted Amaryllis Featuring some yearly favorites and many exciting new choices, including many holiday themed containers ideal for holiday gift giving. If found, treat with a fungicide or consider throwing away the bulb. Let the leaves become brown and dry before cutting them off. Replace the top 1/2 inch of soil in the pot and water the bulb one time. Inspect the bulb periodically for mold or mildew. It is grown as a potted plant in most parts of the United States but can also be grown outdoors year round in Florida. As a potted bulb and a source for cut flowers, the amaryllis is a versatile choice for sprucing up your home year-round. Growing them directly in the soil is possible, but will be more difficult. The trumpet-shaped blooms grow up to six inches across, and several flowers often appear in succession. Some bulbs may have an offshoot growing from its base. After that initial drink, water your bulb only when the top 1″ inch of the potting mix is dry to the touch. The narcissus bulb fly (Merodon spp.) The flower stalk may need support from a bamboo cane so the flower does not make the stem collapse. If the bulb is not already potted when purchased, one should choose a pot about half-again as wide as the bulb. While the most popular colors are red and white, flowers may also be pink, salmon, apricot, rose or deep burgundy. 2. Then store the potted bulb on its side in a cool, dark room or basement to rest for 8 to 10 weeks. The fleshy layers of the bulb underneath these patches should be white and free of markings. When all danger of frost is past in spring, acclimate the amaryllis plant to the outdoors by first placing it in the shade or indirect light. Red spots or blotches that develop into elongated cankers with red borders may develop on the base of the flower stalks and emerging leaves. Set the pot on a saucer and place in a sunny window. Amaryllis Care Instructions for the First Flowering. They will bloom again if allowed to continue to grow. The large bell-shaped or lily-like flowers of the amaryllis (Hippeastrum species) and its hybrids make excellent garden and potted plants.They are available in a wide range of flower colors including red, white, pink, orange, salmon or bicolored and typically have two to six flowers per stalk. These numbers represent the percentage of each of three important macronutrients for plant growth: N (nitrogen) – P (phosphorous) – K (potassium). One of the most impressive Amaryllis group is the Double Flowering Amaryllis group with flowers up to 8-10 in (20-25 cm). Pack the soil gently around the bulb so approximately one-third of the bulb remains above the soil line. This process will force the plant to bloom providing the bulb has sufficient energy to produce a flower stalk. The bloom is prolonged if the pot is moved to a cooler area. The temperature should be around 50-60 degrees. Although there are several insects, mites and diseases that may attack amaryllis plants under greenhouse conditions, they are not as common on amaryllis grown in homes. Once you see the bud you can start being a little more generous with the water. Water the plant when the top 2 inches of soil feels dry, allowing the container to drain freely each time. Because the amaryllis produces such brilliantly-colored flowers, many people put them in their homes in the winter. Like the Christmas cactus, another favorite, this tropical beauty thrives indoors with minimal care and flaunts spectacular long-lasting winter flowers. Blooms … Allow to drain completely. The bulbs can be planted either way, as garden plants or potted plants. Our Amaryllis bulbs ordered online arrive either bareroot which you can plant into your own pots, as part of kits that can be assembled at home, or pre-potted in baskets and a wide range of pots and cachepots, depending on the variety. Continue to water and fertilize the plant regularly with an all-purpose houseplant plant fertilizer. The temperature should be around 50-60 degrees. In this example, the fertilizer contains 10 percent nitrogen, 20 percent phosphorous, and 15 percent potassium. The soil is evenly moist but not wet. How to Care for a Potted Amaryllis Amaryllis bulbs are often given as gifts for the holidays, later producing their large, spectacular flowers to brighten the recipient's home or office. Carefully inspect amaryllis bulbs before purchasing and do not purchase damaged bulbs or bulbs with cankers. Bulbs should be firm and dry with no signs of mold, decay or injury. Choosing Amaryllis. Containers may be made of plastic, metal, ceramic or terracotta. It's usually available in bulb or plant form. However, it is possible to save the amaryllis and force it to flower on an annual basis. Some individuals discard the amaryllis after flowering. Add more soil, tapping it down around the bulb, until one-third to one-half of the bulb remains visible. The key to successful reflowering is proper care. She is currently enrolled at Kent State University completing her bachelor's degree in English. After your plant has finished blooming, place it in the sunniest possible location indoors. Unlike some other bulbs, amaryllis do not require a rest or dormant period. However, the amaryllis bulbs we commonly purchase and grow as houseplants are hybrids of the genus Hippeastrum and are native to Central and South America. Some individuals discard the amaryllis after flowering. Fertilizer packaging always provides an analysis shown in three numbers such as 10-20-15. Extension is expanding its online education and resources to adapt to COVID-19 restrictions. Amaryllis is as popular a holiday gift plant as poinsettia and Christmas cactus.Once the attractive blooms fade, though, we’re left wondering what to do next. The Amaryllis plant, or Hippeastrum, is a tropical flower that is native to South Africa. Each bulb usually produces 2-3 stems and 4-6 flowers per stem. After the flowers have faded, cut them off to prevent seed formation. The exterior of the bulb may appear normal but will reveal rotting tissue when pressed. Whether purchasing a bare bulb to plant or bulbs planted in a pot, the size and condition of bulbs will influence amaryllis performance. Hippeastrum spp., commonly known as the amaryllis, is a common holiday plant from the tropics of South America. The plant does not need water or much light during this time of dormancy. The pot should drain the water quickly so that the bulb does not rot in the pot. Flowering time is 7-10 weeks. Choose bulbs with bright green new growth and without spots or visible damage. Growing amaryllis indoors requires little of you during the first winter. Soil that is stored in the flower stalk may need support from a cane. 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