[3] Three months earlier, on 4 February, the Germans had established a U-boat blockadearound Great Britain and Ireland and had declared any vessel in it a legitimate target. [9] The Austro-Hungarian Navy unenthusiastically placed orders for U-20 and her three sister boats on 27 March 1915. ... On 20 October 1914, SM U-17 sank the first merchant ship, the SS Glitra, off Norway. Italian salvage crews raised the boat's rear portion on 22 July and her front section on 21 November. U-20 had no wartime successes and was sunk in early July 1918 by the Italian submarine F-12. She was launched on 18 December 1912, and commissioned on 5 August 1913. The SM-U20 was built by Kaiserliche Werft Marine in Danzig and launched in 1912. [6] Although the Austro-Hungarian Navy was not happy with the design, which was largely obsolete,[8][9] it was the only design for which plans were available and which could be begun immediately in domestic shipyards. On 3 July, Linienschiffsleutnant Ludwig Müller sailed U-20 out from Trieste for the Gulf of Venice. The U-20 itself was grounded west of Jutland in November 1916 and was obliged to request assistance. SM U-20 or U-XX was the lead boat of the U-20 class of submarines or U-boats built for and operated by the Austro-Hungarian Navy (German: Kaiserliche und Königliche Kriegsmarine or K.u.K. SM U-20 or U-XX was the lead boat of the U-20 class of submarines or U-boats built for and operated by the Austro-Hungarian Navy (German: Kaiserliche und Königliche Kriegsmarine or K.u.K. [5], In mid 1962, the wreck of U-20 was discovered in the northern Adriatic. U-9 was launched on February 22th, 1910 and commissioned on April 18th of that year. U 480 was the first Kriegsmarine U-boat with a special outer hull coating of the “Alberich” project, which in August 1944 was sent to the front and which achieved the sinking of 2 warships and 2 merchant vessels between 21st and 25 August 1944 in the English Channel, without being detected at all. U-boats designed primarily for deep water service were designated with a U prefix and numbered up to 167. Men lost from U-boats. All torpedoes were equipped with a device allowing the … Your email address will not be published. [2] She was capable of 12 knots (22 km/h) while surfaced and 9 knots (17 km/h) while submerged. It featured a crew of 31 men and four officers. During World War I, she took part in operations around the British Isles. On May 7, 1915, SM U-20 sank the liner RMS Lusitania off the West of Ireland.The sinking claimed 1,198 lives, 128 of them American civilians and was an important factor in the USA's decision to join the Allied cause. U-20 had an encounter with an enemy submarine on 7 April but was not able to successfully launch an attack. [7] Due to demands by the Hungarian government,[1] subcontracts for the class were divided between Hungarian and Austrian firms,[2] but this politically expedient solution worsened technical problems with the design and resulted in numerous modifications and delays for the class in general. The design for U-20 was based on that of the submarines of the Royal Danish Navy's Havmanden class (which had been designed by Whitehead & Co. in Fiume), and was largely obsolete by the beginning of the war. When it became apparent to the Austro-Hungarian Navy that the First World War would not be a short war,[1] they moved to bolster their U-boat fleet by seizing the plans for Denmark's Havmanden class submarines,[7] which had been designed by Whitehead & Co. in Fiume, who had built three units. 20.05.17: Wilhelmshaven : xx.40 am: Torpedo Yard: Cast off for cruise to Emden. At a range of 650 yards (590 m), F-12 torpedoed U-20 at position .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}45°29′N 13°05′E / 45.483°N 13.083°E / 45.483; 13.083 (SM U-20), sinking her with all hands. On 13 May 2007, a 90minutes British-German TV Co-Production with prominent actors was shown to the public, which presented through a movie the events around the sinking of the 31,000 GRT British passenger liner Lusitania by the U-Boat U 20 of the Imperial German Navy on 07 May 1915 off the Irish southern coast. [1], U-20 was one of two boats of the class to be built at the Pola Navy Yard. During the time it operated though, the U-28 sank forty ships, damaged two more and captured another two as prizes. From a distance of about 700 m Schwieger noted she had four funnels and two masts making her a liner of some sort. U-Boat is the abbreviation for "undersea boat". Unlike many other U-boats, which during their service lost men due to accidents and various other causes, U-6 did not suffer any casualties (we know of) until the time of her loss. [6], U-20 was armed with two 45 cm (17.7 in) torpedo tubes located in the front and carried a complement of two torpedoes. signed in draft Jürst : … 091 gamma IV : 11.00 - 12.20 pm : Several fishing cutters in sight. It could achieve speeds of … The SM U-19: This U-boat changed the engine design for submarines. This group numbered eight boats and, again, two were lost - though only one during the war itself. During World War I, she took part in operations around the British Isles. This boat is a dive site. The 45 cm torpedoes were used only by the U-boats SM U 1 to U 18, SM U-66 to U-70, SM UB 1 to UB 17. She was commissioned on 5 August 1913. Kriegsmarine) during the First World War. Germany built 360 U-boats during the First World War, which destroyed more than 11,000,000 tons of Allied shipping. [2], U-20 was laid down on 29 September 1915,[3] six months after she was ordered,[1] and was launched on 18 September 1916. [7] The remains of the crewmen were buried on the grounds of the Theresian Military Academy at Wiener Neustadt. The abbreviation in German is U-boot for Unterseeboot. U-boats. Entered the mined area. Germany built several different classes and types of U-Boats during World War 1 varying in length, speed, and crew capacity; the typical one was over 200 feet long, carried 10 to 20 torpedoes, could stay submerged for about 2 hours at a time, and had a crew of between 30 and 60 sailors. She was launched on 18 December 1912, and commissioned on 5 August 1913. For example, the U-Boat mentioned earlier whose crew were massacred by the British in 1915 – SM U-27 – counted four torpedo tubes and one 88 mm L/30 deck gun. World War I (1914-18) At the start of World War I, the German navy had 48 submarines, but … Walther Forstmann, who was awarded the Pour le Mérite during command on U-39. Given the U-boat's reputation the call was answered by the German provision not only of a salvage ship but by an accompanying warship and two battleships. It had a crew of 35 and a top speed of 19 mph surfaced, and 11 mph submerged and had a somewhat impressive range (surfaced) of over nine and a half thousand miles – not bad for the early twentieth century. It ended up being the second most successful U-boat participating in the war, sinking 157 ships for a total of 404,478 tons. For years, German submarines U-19, U-20, and U-23 were a terrifying presence beneath the waves, preying on British and Russian shipping. U Boats, Unterseeboots of the German Nazi Navy Karl Donitz, Sinking of the Lusitania off Old Kinsale Head, Ireland, U Boat 20 and Walther Schwieger, Royal Navy, US Navy, Imperial German Navy. [4] The conning tower and a small midships section of U-20 were donated to the Heeresgeschichtliches Museum in Vienna, where they are on display, while the rest of the boat was scrapped. She was also equipped with a 66 mm (2.6 in) deck gun and an 8 mm (0.31 in) machine gun. The failed U-20-class was itself succeeded by the wartime U-27-class based on a German design. SM U-20 or U-XX was the lead boat of the U-20 class of submarines or U-boats built for and operated by the Austro-Hungarian Navy (German language: Kaiserliche und Königliche Kriegsmarine or K.u.K. A day later, U-20 was spotted by the Italian submarine F-12, which was on patrol in the northern Adriatic. For example, the U-Boat mentioned earlier whose crew were massacred by the British in 1915 – SM U-27 – counted four torpedo tubes and one 88 mm L/30 deck gun. [7], U-20 was a coastal submarine that displaced 173 tonnes (191 short tons) surfaced and 210 tonnes (231 short tons) submerged and was designed for a complement of 18. SM UB-20 was a German Type UB II submarine or U-boat in the German Imperial Navy (German: Kaiserliche Marine) during World War I.The U-boat was ordered on 30 April 1915 and launched on 26 September 1915. At about 1:40 pm Schwieger saw a vessel approaching through his periscope. The SM-U20 was a type U-19 submarine. All Rights Reserved. All torpedoes were equipped with a device allowing the … U Boats, Unterseeboots of the German Nazi Navy Karl Donitz, Sinking of the Lusitania off Old Kinsale Head, Ireland, U Boat 20 and Walther Schwieger, Royal Navy, US Navy, Imperial German Navy. SM U-9 was the lead boat of her class, serving in the Imperial German Navy (Kaiserliche Marine), and was constructed by KaiserlicheWerft at the Danzig port in Germany. SM U-20 was a German Type U 19 U-boat built for service in the Imperial German Navy. SM U-1; Type U 2 The U designation was generally reserved for ocean-going attack torpedo U-boats. The Sinking of the Lusitania and a Refusal to Obey an Order on Board SM U 20. Smart News Keeping you current Wreck of Nazi Germany’s Most Advanced U-Boat Discovered Sunk in 1945, U-3523, a Type XXI sub, may have been attempting to smuggle high-ranking Nazis to Argentina There was no wreckage on the surface, only an oil slick. During World War I she sank 37 ships for a total of 145,830 tons and damaged 2 ships for a total of 2,643 tons. ... On 20 October 1914, SM U-17 sank the first merchant ship, the SS Glitra, off Norway. SM U-20 was a German Type U 19 U-boat built for service in the Imperial German Navy. He recognised … One of these submarines, the SM U-28, was a Type U 27 class (of which only four were developed) that had a fairly successful career, beginning in August 30th, 1913 when it was launched to September 2nd, 1917 when it was finally sank. Met "U-46", gave instructions for steering in the Ems, position report. It could dive to a maximum of 50 m in about 50–90 seconds. xx.11: War Lightship A of the Jade: 300 meters abeam to starboard. 27 Dec 2009.The U-20 was dived on and photographed by Mr. Taner Aksoy. Although there is no specific notation of a range for U-20, the Havmanden class, upon which the U-20 class was based, had a range of 1,400 nautical miles (2,600 km) at 10 knots (19 km/h), surfaced, and 23 nautical miles (43 km) at 8 knots (15 km/h) submerged. The wreck of U-20 was located in 1962 and salvaged. | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | Sitemap. 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